Mai 29, 2003
Was ist die Road map?

Noch mal kurz und präzise auf semit.net:


Der Fahrplan für den Frieden im Nahen Osten

Der Friedensplan des so genannten Nahost-Quartetts war bereits im September 2002 von den USA, EU, UNO und Russland gebilligt worden und hätte ursprünglich bereits im Dezember veröffentlicht werden sollen. Er sieht drei Phasen bis zur Gründung eines endgültigen Palästinenserstaates 2005 vor:


Der Artikel

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 02:34 EM
Israel fordert zahlreiche Änderungen am Friedensplan

www.sueddeutsche.de

Obwohl Scharon am Sonntag für den Friedensplan gestimmt hatte, plant er keinen generellen Baustop für jüdischer Siedler. Die USA haben die Berücksichtigung von 14 von Israel gewünschten Änderungen zugesagt. Das würde die Umsetzung des Planes jedoch blockieren.

Von Thorsten Schmitz

(SZ vom 28.05.03) - In Israel herrscht Verwirrung über die Absichten von Regierungschef Ariel Scharon. Einerseits sagt er Sätze, die einem links-liberalen Politiker zugeschrieben werden könnten. Auf einer Sitzung seines rechtsnationalen Likud verteidigte er die Annahme des Friedensfahrplans damit, dass die „Besatzung eines Gebiets mit 3,5 Millionen Palästinensern schlecht“ für Israel sei, für die Palästinenser und die israelische Wirtschaft: „Wir müssen diesen Zustand beenden“.


Der Artikel


Posted by Astrid Haarland at 02:30 EM
Friedensplan nun auch von Israel akzeptiert

www.telepolis.de


Unter Vorbehalt
Peter Schäfer 28.05.2003

Seit Sonntag ist die Road Map der allseits anerkannte neue Friedensplan für den Nahen Osten. Nachdem die Palästinenser schon seit geraumer Zeit an der Umsetzung ihrer Verpflichtungen arbeiten, hat jetzt die israelische Regierung den Plan, der nach mehreren Etappen im Jahr 2005 in der palästinensischen Staatsgründung münden soll, auch abgesegnet.


Der Artikel

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 02:17 EM
Österreich: Israelitische Kultusgemeinde vor dem Aus

www.telepolis.de

Brigitte Zarzer 28.05.2003
Erstmals im Europa nach 1945 ist die Existenz einer jüdischen Gemeinde bedroht

Wie Ariel Muzicant, Präsident der Israelitischen Kultusgemeinde (IKG), gestern in Wien mitteilte, beginnt man mit der "Liquidation ihrer Infrastruktur". 35 Mitarbeiter wurden zur Kündigung angemeldet.

Die Jüdische Gemeinde hatte seit geraumer Zeit mit Finanzproblemen zu kämpfen. Muzicant begründet diese u.a. mit erhöhten Sicherheitsausgaben nach Anschlägen auf jüdische Einrichtungen in den Jahren 1979/81 und 1985 (Schwechat). Verhandlungen über zusätzliche Finanzmittel mit der zuständigen Ministerin, Elisabeth Gehrer von der konservativen ÖVP, sind bis jetzt gescheitert. Die Ministerin will lediglich einzelne Projekte finanzieren.

Für Aufregung sorgte eine kolportierte Aussage von Bundeskanzler Wolfgang Schüssel (ÖVP). Dieser soll gegenüber Stuart Eizenstat, der ihn auf die Notwendigkeit einer Lösung der Probleme der IKG hinwies, den Vorschlag , die auf Grund des hohen Sicherheitsbedarfes der IKG entstehenden Kosten zu übernehmen, mit der Äußerung quittiert haben, die Regierung würde nicht bereit sein, "Mossad-Agenten zu suventionieren".


Der Artikel

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 02:03 EM
Mai 28, 2003
Aron's Israel Peace Weblog

Eine neue Fundstelle aus der Weblog-Welt:
http://www.israelblog.org/index.html


Das schreibt Aron über sein weblog:
"Aron's Israel Peace Weblog is a place where I post short commentary on news items, articles, op-ed pieces about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Background
Since the beginning of the current Intifada, I have been having email-based discussions with friends and family. I would read an article and send it to them, or vice versa, and on occassion a flurry of back and forth emails would follow.

Recently, as part of my peace activities, I have been giving lectures at various venues. After my talks, people approach me and ask for resources they can refer to, as well as for materials I have written. My son Asaf has also asked me to write materials for his use."


Beeindruckend sind zum Beispiel Arons Einträge - siehe Linkliste - über "The City of the death". Gemeint ist die Stadt Hebron.

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 12:26 EM
Warfighting Web mit Support?

Vielen Dank an "Der Rollberg - Die etwas anderen Nachrichten". Natürlich auch ein Blogger :-))


Der unten genannte Kommenatar zum telepolis-Artikel ist einfach köstlich!


Warfighting Web
Telepolis: "Alles vernetzt, alles prima? Wired-Journalist Joshua Davis war gespannt darauf, in Augenschein zunehmen, was US-Verteidigungsminister Donald Rumsfeld als echte Revolution angekündigt hatte: die digitale Kriegsführung. Den Beginn eines neuen Kriegszeitalters, in dem Präzisionswaffen, die optimale Überwachung des Feindes und wendige Bodentruppen von einem Echtzeit-Kommunikationssystem zu einer nie dagewesenen Schlagkraft zusammengeschmiedet sind. Information anstelle von massivem Einsatz von Bodentruppen. Golf-Krieg II als das große Testfeld für eine netzzentrierte Strategie."

Und wenn der Browser nicht mehr funktioniert rufen die Soldaten den Microsoft Premium Support an ...


Weiterlesen: Telepolis

Und der Originalartikel bei Wired (Telepolis hat den Link zum einen versteckt und zum anderen ist er falsch): "If We Run Out of Batteries, This War is Screwed."
Posted by ralle at 12:08 | Comments (0)

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 10:16 FM
Mai 27, 2003
Ein amerikanisches Blog

Sie wissen, was ein Blog ist? Man kann es auch weblog nennen, Nachrichtenportal ohne Grenzen, Internet-Tagebuch, oder Designerschreck (Warum Designerschreck? Nun, das Rätsel wird später gelöst. A.H.)

Hier ein amerikanisches Blog:
http://counterspin.blogspot.com

Heute, Dienstag 27. Mai, postet z.B. jemand etwas über eine Gruppe mit Namen ELF, Earth Liberation Foundation. Die setzen angeblich Luxushäuser in Brand. Schreibt der Autor jedenfalls. Ob das stimmt? Weblog-Klatsch eben.

Interessant ist ein weiterer Beitrag von heute. Da wird spekuliert, warum die USA die Finger vom Iran lassen. Sie, liebe(r) LeserIn, ahnen es vielleicht, was der Autor dieses Beitrags vermutet. Die Iraner basteln nämlich gerade fleissig an ihrem Nuklear-Programm. Wahrscheinlich hat ihnen Nord-Korea doch sehr imponiert ;-)


Posted by Astrid Haarland at 06:06 EM
Why They Don't Want Democracy

Quelle:
Ein Online-Magazin der amerikanischen Demokraten
www.truthout.org

By Milton Viorst
Artikel im Original auf:
The Los Angeles Times
Sunday 25 May 2003


Milton Viorst is the author of "In the Shadow of the Prophet: The Struggle for the Soul of Islam." His most recent book is "What Shall I Do With This People? Jews and the Fractious Politics of Judaism.


WASHINGTON — Iraq's Shiites, 60% of the population, most of them fervently religious, have stunned U.S. officials who gave us the war to overthrow Saddam Hussein. Not only do they reject our occupation, but they also dismiss the Western-style democracy that we were assured they would welcome.

It took hardly more than recent full-color pictures in newspapers and on television of Shiite men flagellating themselves until blood streamed from their flesh to make the case that we are dealing with people we don't know. Ironically, Hussein's regime had barred self-flagellation as barbaric. For believers, his fall did not mean freedom to adopt a constitution and elect a parliament; it meant freedom to suffer the stings of whips for a martyr who died 13 centuries ago and to demand an Islamic state.

When communism died at the end of the 1980s, Vaclav Havel, the poet who became president of Czechoslovakia, declared that "democratic values slumbered in the subconscious of our nations." His words suggest that these nations waited only for the sunshine of spring to awake to the democracy that had lain dormant within them. Indeed, societies liberated from communism, including Russia, navigated the currents of Western values to adopt democratic systems, though they sometimes perilously scraped the rocks. So did the European countries delivered from fascism after World War II — Italy and Germany, then Spain and Portugal.

But democratic values do not slumber in the subconscious of the Islamic world. Free elections threaten to bring religious extremists to power in Egypt, Jordan, Pakistan and even Turkey, which has been working at democracy for nearly a century. Were free elections held in Saudi Arabia, fanatics would surely triumph. In 1992, elections brought Algeria to the edge of Islamic rule, triggering a civil war that still rages. Given the substantial divisions in Iraq's population, and the power of religion within its Shiite majority, free elections there would probably produce the same outcome.


Der Artikel

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 05:27 EM
Mai 26, 2003
Matthias Küntzel und der Islamismus

Der "Krieg gegen den Terror" und das Abdanken linker Politik

Ein Kommentar gegen die Thesen von Matthias Küntzel zum Zusammenhang von Islamismus und Nationalsozialismus

Quelle: trendpartisan
"Die radikalen Islamisten seien in gewisser Weise die Wiedergänger der Nationalsozialisten - diese These vertreten eine Reihe linker oder ehemals linker Persönlichkeiten im Zusammenhang mit den Attentaten vom 11. September 2001. Daher sollte man sich auch des Protests gegen den Krieg der führenden Mächte der Erde, beispielsweise im Mittleren Osten, besser enthalten. Jedenfalls vorläufig. Auf nicht ganz so platte Art wie in der Zeitschrift Bahamas geht Matthias Küntzel in jüngeren Ausgaben von konkret und Jungle World an das Thema heran. (1) Aber auch er landet bei einem - verklausulierten - ja zum Krieg gegen den "Terrorismus", der bei ihm "Djihadismus" heißt..."


Der Artikel

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 03:53 EM
Mai 25, 2003
Keiner begreift die Ängste des Anderen: Die Apartheids-Mauer

www.hagalil.com

von Gideon Levy, Ha'aretz, ZNet
Für die Israelis ist es ein "Trennzaun", für die Palästinenser eine "Apartheids-Mauer". Für die Israelis scheint es ideal, für die Palästinenser eine existenzielle Bedrohung. Für die meisten Israelis ist es die Zauberlösung für das Übel des Terrorismus. Die Palästinenser fürchten sie zutiefst. Hier zeigt sich wieder einmal, man versteht sich nicht. Hier sind zwei Nationen, von denen keine die Ängste der anderen begreift.


Der Artikel

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 05:51 EM
Europäischer und arabischer Antisemitismus

Versuch einer Differenzierung
Volker Weiß

www.phase-zwei.org
Zum Artikel auf der Seite etwas nach unten scrollen

...
Kreuzzüge
Im Gegensatz zur christlich-jüdischen war die islamisch-jüdische Geschichte lange durch eine enge und weitgehend friedliche Verbindung geprägt. Der Islamwissenschaftler Morabia spricht hinsichtlich der gemeinsamen „klassischen Epoche“ bis zu den Kreuzzügen und nach Jahrhunderte langer Agonie - dem beidseitigen Hervortreten als Nationalbewegungen des 19. Jahrhunderts aus dem Schatten christlicher Dominanz - gar von einer jüdisch-islamischen Symbiose: „Man ist verblüfft über die Übereinstimmung des jüdischen und moslemischen Verfalls im arabisch-islamischen Orient am Ende des Mittelalters wie über die Gleichzeitigkeit des Aufblühens der jüdischen und moslemischen Kultur zu Beginn der osmanischen Ära.“

...

A political turn...
Das Auftauchen von Antisemitismus „europäischen Stils“ im Nahen Osten Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts wurde von nichtislamischen Demagogen - Christen und Kolonialbeamten - befördert. So versprach sich beispielsweise die englische Propaganda nach der jungtürkischen Revolution von 1908 eine Schwächung des Kriegsgegners, indem sie die Erhebung als eine „jüdische Verschwörung“ darstellte. Später, in der Phase der arabischen Kollaboration mit NS-Deutschland war der ideologische Einfluss des Antisemitismus offensichtlich, geleitet wurde diese Kollaboration aber von politischen Interessen: dem Panarabismus und der Befreiung von der Kolonialherrschaft. Der Antisemitismus stellte eine ideologische Brücke zwischen den strategischen Interessen der Achsenmächte und dem Unabhängigkeitsstreben der Araber dar, er war nicht die Triebkraft für das Bündnis."...

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 05:27 EM
Mit den USA gegen Antisemitismus?

http://www.phase-zwei.org
Interview mit Matthias Künzel

Während der konkret-Rausschmiss von Jürgen Elsässer lautstark zelebriert wurde und der neu erwachte Friedensfreund nun von Zeitungen hofiert wird, die er selbst noch vor ein paar Jahren als antisemitisch und nationalistisch diffamiert hätte, vollzog sich eine andere Veränderung eher im Stillen. Die Kritik von Matthias Küntzel am Antiamerikanismus des konkret-Kongresses „Deutschland führt Krieg“ (Jungle World 23.01.2002) wurmte die konkret so, dass sie ihn seither nicht mehr als Autor führt. Dabei hat Matthias Küntzel mit „Djihad und Judenhaß. Über den neuen antijüdischen Krieg“ ein Buch vorgelegt, dessen Lektüre ausdrücklich empfohlen sei. Erstmals beschäftigt sich jemand gründlich und faktenreich mit den Ursachen und Folgen des antisemitischen Wahns im Islamismus. Dies betreibt er jenseits von antiislamischen Pauschalisierungen, die man zuweilen aus antideutschen Kreisen gewöhnt ist - und natürlich fern von jeder Verharmlosung des Antisemitismus. Phase 2 befragte Matthias Küntzel Ende Januar zu einigen Schlussfolgerungen, die sich aus den Analysen seines Buches ergeben.


In der konkret 11/2001 betonst Du, dass der Slogan „Der Hauptfeind steht im eigenen Land“ während des II. Weltkriegs angesichts von Auschwitz obsolet werden musste und schlägst vor, diese Erkenntnis auf die heutige Zeit zu übertragen. Du schreibst: „Selbstverständlich müssen die amerikanische und die britische Politik weiterhin kritisiert werden. Jedoch nicht deshalb, weil sie die Djihadisten verfolgt, sondern weil sie diese nicht zielgenau und konsequent genug verfolgt.“ Was verstehst Du unter „zielgenau“ und „konsequent“ - wie würde eine solche Kritik en détail aussehen?

Im Gegensatz zur Interpretation des nazi-kompatiblen Anti-Imperialismus kommt meine Untersuchung zu dem Schluss, dass die Rebellion der Djihadisten der zerstörerischen Wirkung des Kapitalismus etwas Schlimmeres, ein Konzept der Vernichtung, entgegensetzt. Diese Rebellion unterscheidet sich von der NS-faschistischen in vielerlei Hinsicht und stellt doch zugleich deren zeitgenössische Variante dar: Angetrieben von einer wahnwitzigen Reinigungs- und Erlösungsmission wollen die Djihadisten die Utopie einer gerechten islamischen Gemeinschaftsordnung zum Durchbruch bringen, was bedeutet, dass zuvor alles Böse - und das Böse wird bei ihnen fast ausnahmslos als „jüdisch“ markiert - vernichtet werden muss. Das Nahziel ihrer Politik ist der Rückzug der USA und seiner Verbündeten aus der arabischen Welt, um eine pan-arabische Scharia-Diktatur erzwingen und Israel auslöschen zu können.


Das Interview
Auf der Seite etwas nach unten srollen

Siehe weiter unten weblog auch den Beitrag "Islamismus und Nationalsozialismus?

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 05:15 EM
Mai 23, 2003
Shlomo Avineri, Politikwissenschaftler der Hebräischen Universität in Jerusalem:

Quelle:
Botschaft des Staates Israel - Berlin


"Jedes Jahr begehen zahlreiche Palästinenser, auch diejenigen, die israelische Staatsbürger sind, den 15. Mai als nationalen Trauertag, zum Gedenken an die Katastrophe, die die palästinensischen Araber im Krieg 1948 heimsuchte. Als Menschen und als Juden dürfen wir ihren Schmerz und ihr Leid nicht unbeachtet lassen: Hunderttausende Männer, Frauen und Kinder wurden entwurzelt – einige flohen, andere wurden vertrieben.

Das ist eine menschliche Tragödie über die nationalen Dimensionen hinaus. Wer auf Frieden und Versöhnung zwischen uns und den Palästinensern hofft, den kann dieses Leid nicht unberührt lassen. Dennoch muss jeder, der dem Leid der Palästinenser Aufmerksamkeit schenken möchte, die Dinge in ihrem angemessenen politischen und moralischen Kontext betrachten.

Es ist kein Zufall, dass die Palästinenser den Begriff “naqba” – “Katastrophe” – gewählt haben. Es ist ein neutraler Begriff, als ob man über eine Naturkatastrophe sprechen würde. Doch was den Palästinensern 1948 widerfuhr, war das Ergebnis einer politischen Entscheidung, die sie selbst getroffen haben, und politische Entscheidungen haben Konsequenzen.

...

Der ganze Text

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 05:24 EM
Matrix Reloaded, Open Source und Zion

Ein Dienst von www.quintessenz.org
q/depesche 2003-05-23T07:42:17

AT/DE: Matrix reloaded und Open Source

Am 22.Mai 2003 war auch in der BRD und in Österreich der Start des Teiles von "Die Matrix - reloaded" Während viele die Fiktion der Matrix verglichen mit dem neuen Überwachungsprogramm TIA des Pentagons, gab es in den USA während Premiere wegen einer Szene mit einem Open Sourcetool Szenenapplaus.

Hoffentlich wird die Matrix nie Wirklichkeit in Form des Darpa-Projektes der USA.

Unter Systemadministratoren ist für Sicherheitsscans das "Free"-Open Sourcetool "nmap" im Gebrauch. Es scannt einen Rechner oder Server von aussen ab und reportet alle möglichen Angriffspunkte.

Man kann dieses Scannen vergleichen mit, jemand geht von Auto zu Auto und schaut ob eine Tür offen ist.

Worum gehts im zweiten Teil?

Hacker Neo und den Rebellenführern bleiben noch 72 Stunden, bis Zion von feindlichen Maschinen entdeckt und samt seiner Bewohner zerstört wird.

[...]

Neo, Morpheus und Trinity führen ihren Kampf gegen die Maschinen fort. Immer mehr und mehr Menschen wachen aus der Matrix auf und suchen ein Leben in der "wirklichen Welt". Da die Zahl der Widerständler wächst bewegt sich der Kampf in Richtung Zion, der letzten "echten" Stadt. Es bleiben ihnen nur 72 Stunden, bis die geheime Stadt "Zion" von den Jägern entdeckt wird und alle Einwohner zu töten drohen.

quelle: http://www.cineplexx.at/Kino/Film_db.asp?strDBInclude=../filmdb/film_id_8612.asp&style=film


------------
Matrix Reloaded: Szenenapplaus für verbreitetes Hacker-Tool

Das Open Source-Programmierteam Insecure.org kam mit dem Filmstart des Kultfilm-Nachfolgers \"Matrix Reloaded\" in den USA zu ungeahnten Ehren.

[...]

Trinity, die Partnerin der Hauptfigur Neo, nutzt für einen Hack den verbreiteten Unix-Portscanner Nmap, ein von Insecure entwickeltes Tool.

[...]

In der Szene kann nachverfolgt werden, wie damit ein verwundbarer SSH-Server gefunden wird. Mit dem seit 2001 verfügbaren Exploit SSH1 CRC32 schleust Trinity über einen Integer Overflow fremden Code in das System und verschafft sich Zugang.

[...]

Wie ein Nutzer im Forum von Slashdot, dem Newsboard
für Computerfreaks berichtete, gab es dafür während
der Vorstellung in Mountain View im US-Bundesstaat
Kalifornien Szenenapplaus.

[...]

Das Lichtspielhaus der im Silicon Valley gelegenen
Stadt war offenbar zum Großteil mit Programmierern
und Administratoren gefüllt, für die Nmap ein fast
täglich genutztes Werkzeug darstellt.

In Deutschland wird \"Matrix Reloaded\" am Donnerstag in die Kinos komme!

Der abschließende dritte Teil \"Matrix Revolutions\" wurde für den Dezember
diesen Jahres angekündigt. (as)

===========Der original Link zum Artikel========== http://de.internet.com/index.html?id=2021241

[...]

Open Source Tool nmap von Insecure.org

http://www.insecure.org/nmap

Webseite von Matrix Reloaded http://whatisthematrix.warnerbros.com/deutsch/

Ende q/depesche
----------------------------------------------------------


Und was hat das alles mit dem Thema dieses weblogs zu tun?
Eine Menge, wie man zum Beispiel unter den folgenden Links nachlesen kann:

Zion:
http://members.telering.at/islam/texte/0100/119_israel_selbstdarst.htm
http://www.anti-defamation.ch/main.php?
page=2&id_art=2

http://www.kirchenkreis-paderborn.de/aktuell/jerusalem.htm

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 04:54 EM
Stellungnahme der israelischen Botschaft zum Mauerbau

Zum umstrittenen Mauerbau die offizielle Stellungnahme der israelischen Botschaft in Deutschland:


"Der Sicherheitszaun zwischen Israel und den Palästinensischen Autonomiegebieten

1. Seit September 2000 werden die Bürger Israels immer wieder Opfer von Angriffen palästinensischer Terroristen. Mehr als 700 Israelis wurden getötet, Zehntausende verstümmelt, verwundet oder für ihr Leben lang traumatisiert. Diese terroristischen Attentate gelten hauptsächlich Zivilisten. Bisher waren es Selbstmordanschläge, Autobomben, Schießereien oder Granatattacken, die Einkaufszentren, Diskotheken, Linienbusse, Fußgängerzonen und andere belebte Gegenden israelischer Städte zum Ziel hatten. Die meisten dieser Angriffe gingen von Teilen des Westjordanlandes aus, die 1995 unter die Verwaltung der Palästinensischen Autonomiebehörde (PA) gestellt worden sind.

Obwohl die PA durch das Oslo-Abkommen verpflichtet ist, Terrorismus abzuwenden, Terroristen gefangen zu nehmen und anti-israelische Hetze einzustellen, hat sie fast nichts getan, um die Verträge einzuhalten und die Gewalt zu stoppen. Vielmehr hat die PA aktiv den Terror gefördert und terroristische Angriffe finanziell unterstützt. Funktionäre der PA haben bei Angriffen teilgenommen und viele davon sogar selbst angeordnet.

In Anbetracht der aktuellen Situation und da jede Regierung für den Schutz seiner Bürger verantwortlich ist, hat die israelische Regierung nach Wegen gesucht, das Eindringen von Terroristen aus dem Westjordanland in israelische Städte zu beenden. Eine dieser Lösungen ist das Gebiet des Sicherheitszaunes.


Weiter



Posted by Astrid Haarland at 01:20 EM
Antizionismus ist nicht Antisemitismus

Abgedruckt in: attac-Rundbriefe "Sand im Getriebe Nr. 21, 7. Mai 2003

Michel Warschawski (Leiter des Alternative Information Center in Jerusalem)

(Anmerkung A.H.: Die im weblog abgedruckten Beiträge spiegeln nicht unbedingt die Meinung der einzelnen Mitglieder von www.anoteron.de wider)


Der israelisch-palästinensische Konflikt verführt leicht zu religiösen oder zumindest ethnischen Interpretationen. Er spielt sich auf einem Gebiet ab, das die Wiege von Weltrreligionen war und das viele "Heiliges Land" nennen; der Zionismus wird oft als "Rückkehr" des jüdischen Volkes ins Gelobte Land dargestellt, und seine Argumente schöpfen viel aus dem Bereich tradierter Rechte, wenn nicht gar göttlicher Verheißung; Jerusalem ist dreifach heilige Stadt und von Wallfahrtszielen übersät.
Die Allgegenwart der islamistischen Kultur im arabischen Bewusstsein und in der arabischen nationalen Kultur geht gleichfalls schwanger mit der Konfessionalisierung eines Konflikts, der oft als Befreiung eines islamischen, von Ungläubigen besetzten Bodens dargestellt wird. Dem muss die zionistische Idee hinzugefügt werden, einen "jüdischen Staat" zu schaffen, und die entsprechende permanente Strategie jüdischer Kolonisierung, die nicht ohne den ethnischen Säuberungskrieg von 1948 auskam.

Es ist ein Verdienst Yasser Arafats, in einem solchen Kontext alles Menschenmögliche getan zu haben, um den israelisch-palästinensischen Konflikt in seiner politischen (und nicht religiösen oder ethnischen) Dimension zu halten: nämlich die eines Kampfes für nationale Befreiung und Unabhängigkeit, eines antikolonialen Kampfes um ein Territorium und um nationale Souveränität.
Umgekehrt ist eines der größten Verbrechen des ehemaligen Premierministers Ehud Barak, das religiöse Element in die Verhandlungen eingeführt zu haben, indem er auf dem zweiten Gipfeltreffen von Camp David die jüdische Souveränität über die Moscheenallee von Jerusalem auf der Grundlage religionsgeschichtlicher Thesen gefordert hat. Diese irre Forderung war ohne Zweifel einer der Hauptgründe für den Zusammenbruch des Oslo- Prozesses. Die Geschichte wird zeigen, ob sie nicht auch zum Auslöser eines Religionskrieges im gesamten Mittleren Osten und eines weltweiten islamisch-jüdischen Konflikts wird.

Der israelisch-palästinensische Konflikt ist ein politischer Konflikt zwischen einer kolonialen Bewegung und einer nationalen Befreiungsbewegung. Der Zionismus ist eine politische und keine religiöse Ideologie, die darauf abzielt, die jüdische Frage in Europa durch die Einwanderung in Palästina, seine Kolonisierung und die Schaffung eines jüdischen Staates zu lösen. So haben seine Sprecher ihn immer definiert, von Herzl bis Ben Gurion, von Pinsker bis Jabotynski, die die Konzepte der Kolonisierung (Hityashvut) oder der Kolonien (Yishuv, Moshav) nie in einem negativ wertenden Sinne benutzt haben. Bis zum Aufstieg des Nazismus hat die überwältigende Mehrheit der Juden weltweit den Zionismus verworfen, sei es als Häresie (das war die Position der großen Mehrheit der Rabbiner und der religiösen Juden), sei es als reaktionär (das war die Position der jüdischen Arbeiterbewegung in Osteuropa), sei es als anachronistisch (so dachten die emanzipierten oder assimilierten Juden in Mittel- und Westeuropa). In diesem Sinne wurde der Antizionismus immer als eine politische Position unter anderen verstanden, die dazu noch ungefähr ein halbes Jahrhundert in der jüdischen Welt hegemonial war. Erst seit etwa dreißig Jahren gibt es eine breite Kampagne, die mit unleugbarem Erfolg versucht, nicht zur Kontroverse über die politische Sinnhaftigkeit des Zionismus beizutragen, zur Analyse seiner Dynamik und seiner politischen und moralischen Implikationen, sondern den Antizionismus zu delegitimieren, indem er ihn mit Antisemitismus gleichsetzt.

Semantische Verschiebungen…

Wie jeder andere Rassismus negiert der Antisemitismus (oder die Judenfeindlichkeit) den Anderen in seiner Identität und in seiner Existenz. Der Jude ist, egal was er tut, egal was er denkt, Hassobjekt bis hin zur Ausrottung, nur weil er Jude ist.
Der Antizionismus hingegen ist eine politische Kritik an einer politischen Ideologie und Bewegung; er greift nicht eine Menschengruppe an, sondern stellt eine bestimmte Politik in Frage. Wie kommt man dann dazu, die politischen Ideen des Antizionismus mit der rassistischen Ideologie des Antisemitismus gleichzusetzen? Eine europäische Gruppe zionistischer Intellektueller hat die Lösung gefunden, indem sie das Unterbewusste ins Spiel bringt und ein Konzept einführt, mit dem man alles beweisen kann: nämlich das der "semantischen Verschiebung". Wenn man den Zionismus anklagt oder auch Israel kritisiert, dann geht es einem, manchmal unbewusst, nicht um die Politik einer Regierung (der Regierung Sharon) oder um den kolonialistischen Charakter einer politischen Bewegung (des Zionismus) oder, mehr noch, den institutionalisierten Rassismus eines Staates (Israel), sondern um die Juden. Wenn man sagt: "Die Bombardierungen der Zivilbevölkerung sind Kriegsverbrechen", oder: "Die Kolonisierung ist eine flagrante Verletzung der Vierten Genfer Konvention", meint man in Wirklichkeit: "Das jüdische Volk ist verantwortlich für den Tod von Jesus Christus" und "Tod den Juden"!

Natürlich kann man auf ein solches Argument nichts erwidern, denn jede Antwort wird, vielleicht unbewusst, zur Verteidigung des Antisemitismus. Das Argument der Bedeutungsverschiebung und der Rückgriff auf das Unter-bewusste in der politischen Polemik beendet jede Möglichkeit der Debatte, egal zu welchem Thema im Übrigen. Die Verurteilung des Kolonialismus wird zu einer Verurteilung des Engländers (oder des Franzosen oder des Deutschen, je nachdem), seiner Kultur und seiner Existenz. Auch den Antikommunismus gibt es nicht, er ist eine Wortbedeutungs-verschiebung für den Slawenhass. Wenn ich sage: "Ich mag keinen Camembert", denke ich in Wirklichkeit: "Tod den Franzosen!"; wenn ich erkläre, jiddische Musik zu mögen, sage ich mittels semantischer Verschiebung, dass ich die Araber hasse…

Der Antisemitismus existiert und scheint in Europa wieder sein Haupt zu erheben — nach einem halben Jahrhundert der Ächtung in Folge des Grauens des Völkermords an den Juden durch die Nazis und der Verbrechen der Kollaboration. Bei einem wachsenden Anteil der arabisch- moslemischen Gemeinden in Europa nehmen rassistische Verallgemeinerungen zu, werden unterschiedslos die Juden für die Verbrechen verantwortlich gemacht, die der jüdische Staat und seine Armee verüben. Im Übrigen findet sich der Antisemitismus oft im selben Lager wieder, das die israelische Politik bedingungslos unterstützt, so z.B. unter den fundamentalistischen protestantischen Sekten, die in den USA die wirkliche proisraelische Lobby darstellen.

Der antiarabische Rassismus existiert ebenfalls, nur räumen die Medien den drastischen Polemiken des Beitar und der Jüdischen Verteidigungsliga gegen die islamischen Institutionen oder gegen Organisationen, die sich der israelischen Kolonisierungspolitik widersetzen, wenig Platz ein — oder den Parolen, die die Häuserwände gewisser Viertel in Paris verunzieren ("Tod den Arabern", "Keine Araber, keine Anschläge") oder den organisierten Ausschreitungen zionistischer Kommandos.

Der antiarabische und der antijüdische Rassismus müssen beide ohne Zugeständnisse verurteilt und bekämpft werden, und das kann man wirksam nur machen, wenn man sie frontal bekämpft, sonst verstärkt man die verbreitete Idee, hinter der Verurteilung des einen Rassismus stecke faktisch ein Angriff auf die andere Menschengruppe.

Diejenigen, die tatsächliche oder durch "Wortbedeutungs-verschiebung" unterstellte antisemitische Handlungen verurteilen und zu antiarabischen Exzessen schweigen, machen sich mitverantwortlich für die Kommunitarisierung und Ethnisierung der Köpfe und für die Verstärkung des Antisemitismus, denn sie bekämpfen nicht den Rassismus über-haupt, egal von wem er ausgeht und gegen wen er sich richtet, sondern ausschließlich den Rassismus der anderen. Sicher sind nicht sie es — die Tarnero, Lanzmann und anderen Tagieffs — die das Recht hätten, der radikalen Linken und der Bewegung gegen die marktradikale Globalisierung, die immer an der Spitze antirassistischer Kämpfe standen und keinen dieser Kämpfe im Stich lassen, irgendwelche Lehren zu erteilen.

…und reale Komplizenschaft

Doch gehen wir einen Schritt weiter.
Ein wichtiger Teil der Verantwortung für das Übergleiten von der Kritik an der israelischen Politik zu antisemitischen Haltungen ruht auf den Schultern eines Teils der oft selbsternannten Vorstände der jüdischen Gemeinden in Europa und in den USA. Tatsächlich sind sie es, die sehr oft die jüdische Gemeinde als solche mit einer bestimmten Politik gleichsetzen — nämlich der einer bedingungslosen Unterstützung der politischen Führung Israels. Wenn sie, wie in Straßburg, dazu aufrufen, ihre Unterstützung für Sharon auf dem Vorplatz einer Synagoge zu demonstrieren, wen wundert es dann, wenn die Synagoge zur Zielscheibe von Demonstrationen gegen die israelische Politik wird?
Und was soll man von den kommunitaristischen Sprechern der jüdischen Gemeinde in Frankreich sagen, die den Wahlerfolg Le Pens "verstehen" und "hoffen, dass er die arabische Gemeinde in Frankreich zum Nachdenken bringt"?
Kann man in dieser Haltung die Komplizenschaft mit dem Mann übersehen, der in Frankreich am meisten die rassistische — und so auch die antisemitische — Ideologie verkörpert? Eine Komplizenschaft, die die Zusammenarbeit extrem rechter Organisationen wie des Beitar mit faschistischen und antisemitischen Gruppen wie Occident aus den 70er Jahren fortsetzt… Hier handelt es sich nicht mehr um semantische Verschiebung, sondern um ein abgekartetes Spiel.

Die israelische Politik wird weltweit von vielen kritisiert, und je mehr der jüdische Staat außerhalb des Rechts handelt, desto mehr wird er als gesetzlos betrachtet werden und den entsprechenden Preis dafür bezahlen. Es ist völlig unakzeptabel und unverantwortlich, dass solche jüdischen Intellektuellen, die wie die Vorstände jüdischer Gemeinden in aller Welt eine absolute Identifikation mit Israel zur Schau tragen, letztere mit in den Abgrund ziehen, auf den Ariel Sharon und seine Regierung zustreben.

Im Gegenteil, wenn sie wirklich von der Sorge um die Gemeinschaft bewegt wären, in deren Interesse sie zu sprechen vorgeben, würden sie ihr Möglichstes tun, um die barbarischen Akte des israelischen Staates zu demaskieren und die dramatischen Konsequenzen aufzuzeigen, die diese Handlungen früher oder später für eine nationale hebräische Existenz überhaupt im Nahen Osten nach sich ziehen werden.
Dadurch würden sie Verantwortungsbewusstsein auch gegenüber der jüdischen Gemeinschaft in Israel an den Tag legen: Wäre es nicht besser, wenn sie, statt dem israelischen Draufgängertum zu schmeicheln und zur wachsenden selbstmörderischen Verblendung der israelischen Führung und Bevölkerung beizutragen, und statt mit Lanzmann zu schreien: "Immer bedingungslos mit Israel", als Schutzwall fungierten und Sharon und seine Regierung vor den dramatischen Konsequenzen seiner Politik warnten?

Sind sie so blind, nicht zu sehen, dass die Straffreiheit, derer sich Israel bei bestimmten politischen und weltanschaulichen Strömungen in Europa und Nordamerika erfreut, nur die andere Seite des Antisemitismus und seines Arsenals "jüdischer Besonderheiten" ist? Sind sie so stumpfsinnig nicht zu begreifen, dass für viele sog. Freunde Israels die Haltung des Gewährenlassens gegenüber dem jüdischen Staat Ausdruck eines Zynismus ist, der die Juden gern frontal gegen die Wand laufen sieht? Und dass im Gegenteil denjenigen, die Israel — und manchmal hart — kritisieren, das Leben und Überleben seiner Bevölkerung wirklich am Herzen liegt?
Ariel Sharon, seine Minister, seine Generäle, seine Richter und ein Teil seiner Soldaten werden sich eines Tages vor dem Internationalen Strafgerichtshof für Kriegsverbrechen oder sogar für Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit verantworten müssen. Damit dann nicht die gesamte israelische Bevölkerung auf der Anklagebank sitzt, gibt es in Israel Tausende Männer und Frauen, Zivilisten und Soldaten, die "Nein" sagen, die Widerstand leisten und in Opposition gehen.

Um die Juden der Welt vor dem Vorwurf der Mitverantwortlichkeit zu schützen, um der antisemitischen Propaganda den Boden zu entziehen, die die Leiden der Palästinenser instrumentalisiert, um jeden Juden, nur weil er Jude ist, für schuldig zu erklären, um der Kommunitarisierung und Ethnisierung des israelisch- palästinensischen Konflikts einen Riegel vorzuschieben, ist es unbedingt notwendig, dass sich eine mächtige und feste Stimme innerhalb der jüdischen Gemeinden Gehör verschafft, die sagt, was der Name einer US- amerikanischen jüdischen Organisation ausdrückt, die sich diesem Ziel verschrieben hat: "Nicht in unserem Namen!"

Es ist natürlich auch die Pflicht der demokratischen und linken Organisationen auf der ganzen Welt, die Verbrechen Israels ohne jede Konzession zu verurteilen, nicht nur weil die Verteidigung der Unterdrückten und Kolonisierten, welcher auch immer, integraler Bestandteil ihres Programms und ihres Denkens ist, sondern auch weil nur eine klare und mit den anderen Kämpfen, die sie führen, kohärente Position es ihnen ermöglicht, den Kommunitarismus und Rassismus in ihrem eigenen Land zu bekämpfen.

Sich von der Erpressung mit dem Antisemitismusverdacht abschrecken zu lassen, zu schweigen, um sich nicht der Anklage auszusetzen, man leiste "dem Antisemitismus Vorschub" oder sei gar "unbewusst antisemitisch", kann letztlich nur den wirklichen Antisemiten zugute kommen oder zumindest die identitäre und kommunitaristische Verwirrung fördern.

Die wirkliche antirassistische und antikolonialistische Linke braucht nicht erst zu beweisen, dass sie im Kampf gegen die antisemitische Pest steht. Sie wird diesen Kampf desto wirksamer fortführen, je klarer und unzweideutiger sie zu den Kriegsverbrechen Israels und zu seiner Kolonisierungspolitik Stellung bezieht.

Abdruck aus der Sozialistischen Zeitung, September 2002
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Hinweis auf eine Internet-Adresse:
Alternative Information Center http://www.alternativenews.org

A Jewish Voice for Peace http://www.jewishvoiceforpeace.org

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 10:49 FM
Mai 21, 2003
Der Nahost-Konflikt und die Koalition aus konservativen Christen und Juden in den USA

www.telepolis.de

Florian Rötzer 21.05.2003
Der Irak-Krieg hat den Terrorismus nicht eingedämmt, mittlerweile ist auch der von Bush nach dem Krieg versprochene Friedensfahrplan schon fast wieder Makulatur

Mit den erneuten Selbstmordanschlägen von Mitgliedern der al-Aksa Brigaden und von Hamas ist der Friedensplan des sogenannten Nahost-Quartetts in Gefahr, falls er nicht schon Makulatur geworden ist, auch wenn US-Präsident Bush gegenüber dem palästinensischen Ministerpräsidenten Mahmud Abbas gestern noch versichert hat, weiter an der "road map" festzuhalten. Die Terroranschläge in Israel, aber auch in Saudi-Arabien oder in Marokko zeigen überdies, dass der Sturz Husseins nichts dazu beigetragen hat, die Region stabiler zu machen und den Terrorismus einzudämmen. Auch in den USA muss jetzt das Heimatschutzministerium trotz des erfolgreichen Irak-Kriegs die Terrorwarnung von "erhöht" auf "hoch" setzen.

Der Artikel

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 04:03 EM
Mai 20, 2003
Islamismus und Nationalsozialismus?

Der folgende Text wurde über die Mailingliste von www.honestly-concerned.org versendet.

Diese Gruppe hat es sich zur Aufgabe gemacht, die ihrer Meinung nach einseitige, gegen Israel gerichtete Medienberichterstattung durch zahlreiche Informationen zu korrigieren. Leider bleiben jedoch auch die Bemühungen dieser Gruppe nicht frei von Polemik und tendentieller Berichterstattung. So wird im unten genannten Artikel der Eindruck erweckt, der Nährboden für Islamismus liege in Deutschland, an vielen Stellen wird im englischen Text zur Verdeutlichung dieses Eindrucks das deutsche Wort "Weltanschauung" benutzt. So versucht man, einen Zusammenhang zwischen Islamismus und Nationalsozialismus herzustellen und arbeitet implizit mit einseitigen Schuldzuweisungen.

Matthias Küntzel
Islamic Antisemitism And Its Nazi Roots


What kind of ideology pushed the 9/11 perpetrators into acting the way they did? Information from the first trial, of a core member of the Hamburg al Qaida cell which took place between October 2002 and February 2003 in Hamburg, Germany gives a crucial answer to this question.
The accused, Mounir el Motassadeq, had been a close friend of Mohammed Atta, the ringleader of the 9/11 perpetrators. He had held in trust the bank account of Marwan al-Shehhi who had steered the plane into the second Twin Tower. The testimony of many of the witnesses presented a breath-taking insight into the perpetrators’ minds but the international media paid scant attention to their revealing testimony.

One witness, Shahid Nickels, a member of Mohammed Atta‘s core group between 1998 and 2000, said the following: “Atta’s weltanschauung was based on a National Socialist way of thinking. He was convinced that ‘the Jews’ are determined to achieve world domination. He considered New York City to be the center of world Jewry which was, in his opinion, Enemy Number One.”
Sharid Nickels further testified about the perpetrator’s core group: “They were convinced that Jews control the American government as well as the media and the economy of the United States. … Motassadeq shared Atta’s attitude in believing that a world-wide conspiracy of Jews exists. According to him, Americans want to dominate the world so that Jews can pile up capital.”
Another witness, Ahmed Maglad, who frequently joined the group’s meetings, testified: “For us, Israel didn’t have any right to exist as a state. ... We believed that German and French policies were designed to suit Arab countries whereas the USA is considered to be the mother of Israel.” Finally, Ralf Götsche who lived in the same student dormitory with the accused, recalled: “Motassadeq once said: ‘What Hitler did to the Jews was not at all bad.’ Motassadeq’s attitude was blatantly antisemitic”.

Recognizing this obsessive hatred of Jews enables us to draw a preliminary conclusion: The concept of Americans as enemies which motivated the 9/11 perpetrators is clearly not based on sound or even a partially reasonable perception of reality but is an obvious phantasmagoria and reveals an antisemitism which strikingly parallels several central concepts of Nazi ideology.
This essay will investigate the specifics of this antisemitism by exposing its history, its meaning and its specific dangers.
First: I will give a brief overview of the historical roots of Islamism. Second: I will explore its meaning by analyzing how Jews are perceived by Islamists. Third: I will point to the current dangers which Islamism represents in the post cold war order as well as in the future. Before proceeding I would like to emphasize two points:


1) Probing into the minds and motives of Islamist perpetrators should not lead us to attribute ‘murder in the name of jihad’ to Islam as a whole. Instead, we should only attribute this particular kind of jihad to Islamism as a separate political tendency within Islam. It is critical to make this distinction so as to be able to pointedly criticize Islamism and to avoid, at the same time, any hint of a racist discourse.
2) Probing the minds and motives of Islamist perpetrators requires that we avoid using our Western understanding of the world. If we stick exclusively to our Western modes of reasoning – such as the law of cause-and-effect or the importance we place on the survival instinct – this may lead to the mistaken belief that hopelessness and deep desperation are at the root of murder-suicide. Under close inspection, however, this reasoning does not hold up. There are many people in the world who have every reason to feel desperate about their wretched and indeed hopeless lives. None of them, however, resort to killing people by entering overcrowded buses or by hijacking planes with the sole purpose of blowing themselves up with the intention of killing as many innocent people as possible. This is definitely not a method of how people respond to misery. By studying the testamentary videos which so-called ‘Palestinian martyrs’ produce before setting off on their deadly missions, we will find no evidence of desperation or hopelessness but will instead find an enormous amount of pride and even joy, a joy close to rapture. Thus, the motives of the perpetrators can be explained neither by applying our theories of cause-and-effect, nor can the motives be attributed to ‘evil-doers’. These men do not consider themselves as evil, but see themselves instead as being courageous liberators and as the God-fearing avant-garde of the best. Probing into the minds of Islamist perpetrators, therefore, requires our readiness to take literally and seriously a weltanschauung which seems alien and even bordering on madness to us.


History

In order to understand what the similarities between Islamist and Nazi imaginations are based on, we have to look at the history of Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood which was founded in 1928 and which established Islamism as a mass movement.
The continuing significance of the Muslim Brotherhood for Islamism is comparable to the significance of the Bolshevik party for Communism in the 20th century: The Muslim Brotherhood is the organizational as well as the ideological core which successfully inspired all subsequent Islamist groups and tendencies. No other organization has influenced the ideology of the al Qaida cadres more strongly than the Brotherhood and its leading members Hassan al-Banna, Sayyid Qutb and Abdullah Azzam have.
In addition, the Moslem Brotherhood has been the organization which first created the concept of a belligerent jihad for our modern times and which turned the longing for death into an Islamic ideal . This is of particular importance, since Islamism stands for a fundamentalist understanding of Islam combined with the explicit purpose of creating a belligerent jihad. As early as 1938, Hassan al-Banna, the charismatic founder of the Brotherhood, presented his own version of jihad in an essay called “The industry of death”. In this article, he did not describe the horror of death but instead depicted death as an ideal to long for. Hassan al-Banna wrote: “To a nation that perfects the industry of death and which knows how to die nobly, God gives proud life in this world and eternal grace in the life to come.”

The concept of belligerent jihad was welcome with enthusiasm by the “Troops of God” as the Brotherhood referred to itself. Whenever their battalions marched down the boulevards of Cairo in semi-fascist formation, they sang: “We are not afraid of death, we desire it... Let us die in redemption for Muslims.” This particular interpretation of the meaning of jihad did not come about until the 1930´s. It should be noted that its concurrence with the arrival of a newly virulent antisemitism is verified in no uncertain terms.

Originally, the British colonial policies triggered the call for a Sharia-based new order and produced Islamism as a social movement and as a means of resisting “cultural modernity”. But the Brotherhood did not conduct its jihad primarily against the British, against the French or against the Egyptian elite who had collaborated with the British. Instead, up to 1951 the jihad movement of the Brotherhood was almost exclusively focused on Zionism and Jews.
While the membership of the Brotherhood had been eight hundred in May 1936, by August 1938 it had increased to an amazing two hundred thousand - not counting its many non-member supporters. However, in these two years only one large campaign took place in Egypt which exclusively targeted Zionism and the Jews.

The campaign itself was initiated by the so-called “Arab Revolt” in Palestine which the notorious Mufti of Jerusalem, Amin el-Husseini, had incited. “Down with the Jews!” – “Jews get out of Egypt and Palestine!” were the slogans of the mass demonstrations which the Brotherhood organized in Egyptian cities in 1936. Their leaflets called for a boycott of Jewish goods and Jewish shops. Their newspaper al-Nadhir published a regular column called “The danger of the Jews of Egypt”. They also published the names and addresses of Jewish businessmen and the publishers of allegedly Jewish newspapers all over the world, attributing every evil – from communism to prostitution – to the “Jewish menace.”
Obviously, many of their actions as well as the rhetoric and the slogans used in this antisemitic campaign were clearly taken over from Nazi Germany. The Brotherhood, however, included Islamic roots of hatred against Jews as well. They used and disseminated a quotation from the Koran that Jews are to be considered ‘the worst enemy of the believers.’ In addition, they evoked old stories of the early history of Islam by pointing to the example set by Mohammed who, as legend has it, succeeded not only in expelling two Jewish tribes from Medina during the 7th century, but killed the entire male population of the third tribe and sold all the women and children into slavery. And they stressed (and still consider) Palestine as an Islamic territory (‘‘Dar al-Islam“) where Jews should never be allowed to govern a single village let alone an entire state.

Indeed, most decisively in contributing to and in shaping these first anti-Jewish rallies in Egypt’s history was the status quo as well as the presence of one man in Palestine. The Mufti of Jerusalem, Amin el-Husseini, who later became infamous for his collaboration with Germany‘s Nazi government had held the highest political and religious posts in Palestine since 1921. There was nobody who instigated the conflict between Muslims and Jews in Palestine more successfully than did this Mufti. As early as 1929, a Mufti-led pogrom killed 133 autochthonous Jews in Jerusalem and Hebron. Shortly thereafter, the Mufti declared the relentless fight against the Jews as the most important responsibility of all believers. Those who dared to resist his anti-Jewish orders were publicly denounced and publicly threatened in the mosques during Friday prayers.

Nevertheless, the Mufti had to deal with powerful adversaries such as the clan of the Nashashibis and the Christian minority in Palestine. In contrast to the Mufti, the Nashashibis tried to get along with Jews as well as with the British in a more pragmatic way by negotiating rather than by engaging in fighting and killing.
The controversy between the Husseini clan and the Nashashibis came to a head during the “Arab Revolt” of 1936 which had at its goal to put a complete stop to Jewish immigration. This particular revolt was “a major turning point in the modern, and ultimately tragic history of Palestine, of Zionism and of the Middle East,” as Aaron S. Klieman wrote, because it created and substantially shaped the developing movement of Islamism.
The Mufti used this uprising to get rid of all those Palestinians who disagreed with him and who were willing to negotiate with Jews. The German scholar Abraham Ashkenasi writes: “The Mufti killed his opponents within the Palestinian camp with extreme cruelty. There was more murder and manslaughter within the Palestinian camp than against the Jews or against the British.” It is noteworthy that the very first Islamist reign of terror was established in those territories of Palestine which the Mufti controlled during the revolt. Palestinians who did not abide by the Mufti’s anti-Western dress code or who did not strictly obey the Sharia law, were immediately and ruthlessly killed.
Finally, the Mufti used this revolt to make the Palestine issue the focal point of the Arab world as a whole for the first time in Middle East history. In a letter to Adolf Hitler, the Mufti emphasized his unflagging and successful efforts to use the “the Palestine question’’ in order ‘‘to coalesce all Arab countries in a common hatred against the British and the Jews.” Nowhere, however, had the hatred against Jews become more deeply entrenched than in Egypt where the Muslim Brothers called on the Palestinians to kill the Nashashibis in the name of God and who mobilized the masses in support of the Mufti against Jews.


I would like to point out that the Mufti’s so-called “Arab Revolt” took place against the background of the swastika: Arab leaflets and signs on walls were prominently marked with this Nazi symbol; the youth organization of the Mufti´s political party paraded as “Nazi-scouts”, and Arab children greeted each other with the Nazi salute. Those who had to pass through the rebellious quarters of Palestine attached a flag bearing the swastika to their vehicles so as to insure protection against assaults by the Mufti’s volunteers.
Starting in 1933, the Mufti repeatedly offered to serve the German Nazi government. In the beginning, however, the Mufti’s fight against Jews was supported in terms of ideology alone. It was not until 1937 that the Mufti’s “Holy War” received substantive support from Nazi Germany in the form of financial assistance and the shipment of weapons. Klaus Gensicke writes in his dissertation on the Mufti’s collaboration with the Nazis: “The Mufti himself admitted that it was entirely due to the money contributed by the Germans that allowed him at that time to carry out the uprising in Palestine.” Thus, Hitler’s agents incited the anti-Jewish hatred of the Islamists in Palestine with slogans, weapons and money thereby encouraging the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.
It was not until May 8, 1945, however, that the ideological approach between the Mufti, the Muslim Brothers and the Nazis reached its peak. This became obvious as early as November 1945. During this very month, the Muslim Brothers committed the worst anti-Jewish pogroms in all of Egypt´s history: The core of antisemitism had thus begun to shift from Germany to the Arab world.
On the anniversary of the Balfour-declaration, demonstrators rampaged the Jewish quarters of Cairo. They plundered houses and shops, attacked non-Muslims, devastated the synagogues and then set them on fire. Six people were killed, several hundred more were injured. The Islamist’s newspapers attacked Egyptian Jews by slandering them as Zionists, Communists, capitalists and bloodsuckers, as traffickers in women and as merchants of war, as subversive elements in all countries and in all societies.

One year later, in 1946, the Brotherhood made sure that the Mufti Amin el-Husseini who had become a close friend of Heinrich Himmler, was granted asylum and was given a new political domain in Egypt. Since 1945, the Mufti of Jerusalem had been searched for as a war criminal by Yugoslavia as well as by Great Britain. France, however, where he had been kept in comfortable so-called ‘custody’, rejected all demands for extradition. With the support of the Brotherhood the Mufti managed to escape in disguise in May 1946. After arriving in Egypt, the Mufti was declared al-Banna’s official representative and personal supervisor of the Brotherhood’s activities in Palestine. “By virtue of his nomination as the Brotherhood’s local leader in Palestine, the Mufti continued to be recognised as the national leader by most of the Palestinian Arab population.”
Let’s keep in mind that the Mufti, had revealed himself as the most ardent Arab supporter of the annihilation of European Jews. during World War II. Therefore, granting this prominent Islamic figure amnesty, was consequently seen in most of the Arab world as explicit acceptance of his antisemitic attitude and of his antisemitic actions. From this point on, as Bernard Lewis put it, “a pro-Nazi past was a source of pride, not shame”.
The powerful collaboration of the Muslim Brothers with the Mufti and the pogroms against Jews a few months after the world learned about Auschwitz clearly showed that the Brotherhood either ignored or even justified Hitler´s extermination of European Jews. The consequences of this attitude, however, continue to be far-reaching and characterize the Arabic-Jewish conflict to this day.

How then did Islamists in 1947 explain to themselves international support of the creation of Israel? By completely ignoring the murder of six million European Jews by Nazi Germany, they reverted to antisemitic conspiracy theories. In this vein, the Brotherhood considered the UN-decision of 1947 to partition Palestine to be an “international plot carried out by the Americans, the Russians and the British, under the influence of Zionism.” Shortly after the liberation of Auschwitz and the recognition that most of European Jews had been too powerless to prevent their murder, the Islamists branded Jews as the true world-ruling power. The Nazi belief in a world-wide Jewish conspiracy had not only survived the collapse of the Hitler regime, but was eagerly adopted in 1947 in an Arabic world where the Muslim Brotherhood had by now succeeded in mustering a million supporters.
Tens of thousands of Arab copies of one of the most repugnant anti-Jewish publication, The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, were published in the following decades by two well-known former members of the Muslim Brotherhood, Gamal Abdel Nasser and Anwar al-Sadat. Hundreds of thousands copies of the essay by Sayyid Qutb Our struggle with the Jews written in 1950, were distributed throughout the Muslim World in the aftermath of the 1967 Six-days-war.

The new impact of the Nazi-like conspiracy theories becomes particularly obvious if we take a look at the Charta of the Muslim Brotherhood of Palestine which calls itself Hamas. This Charta, created in 1988, represents one of the most important Islamist programs of today. Here, Hamas pointedly makes use of the antisemitic rhetoric of the Mufti of Jerusalem which he in turn had adopted from the Nazis. The Brotherhood of Palestine defines itself as a “universal movement” whose jihad was “the spearhead and the avant-garde” in their struggle against “world Zionism”.
The charta clearly indicates that they were heavily influenced by the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. According to this Charta “the Jews were behind the French Revolution as well as the Communist Revolutions.” They were “behind World War I so as to wipe out the Islamic Caliphate ... and also were behind World War II, where they collected immense benefits from trading in war materials and prepared for the establishment of their state.” They “inspired the establishment of the United Nations and the Security Council ... in order to rule the world through their intermediaries. There was no war anywhere without their [the Jews’] fingerprints on them.” The original text of this Charta is clearly stated in Article 32: The intentions of the Zionists “has been laid out in the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, and their present conduct is the best proof of what is said there.”

It is tempting to ridicule this distorted ideology as lunacy, just like Hitler´s jabbering was ridiculed in the past. But let’s remember the history of European antisemitism in the years before World War II. Isn’t this precisely the story of how a grossly delusional view of the world, based on infantile fears and ancient hatreds, led to denigration, torture and murder of such magnitute that it still strains our imagination? As the renowned scholar of antisemitism, Jehuda Bauer, says: “The language of Islamism is plainly and clearly a genocidal one. They are striving for a repetition of the mass murder of Jews .That‘s written down black on white.”
It is indeed this insane picture of Jews as the evil ones and as the villains of the world which is at the root of the mass-murder of civilians in Israel and in the USA. By committing their murderous operations against people who they consider to be Jews, Islamists in their own understanding do not commit crimes but acts of liberation for which God will reward them in heaven. This is the reason why the testamentary videos of Palestinian Islamists do not express desperation but express instead pride and even joy.
With this background in mind, it shouldn’t surprise us that witnesses in the trial of Motassadeq in Hamburg, Germany, testified to the existence of antisemitism and Mohammed Atta’s belief in Nazi concepts. Should it further surprise us that Osama bin Laden accuses “the Jews” of “holding America and the West hostage” given the fact, that the founder of Hamas, the Palestinian Abdullah Azzam, was at the same time the most important teacher and patron of al Qaida’s leader? With the Islamists’ delusional perception of the “enemy” in mind, let’s look at their delusional image of utopia.


Meaning

Why are the Islamists so singlemindedly focused on Jews or, more specifically, on their hatred of Jews? Again, Palestine’s history will provide an answer - though not in the popular sense by putting the blame on Zionist policy.
It is a well known fact that antisemitic ideologists from the very beginning have identified Jews with the threatening aspects of modern times. Not surprisingly, these ideologists did not hesitate to distort reality in order to justify their claims. In Palestine, however, the approach of modern life took place in quite a different way. Here, the correlation between the arrival of the Jews and the arrival of rapid modernization was not a fantasy but a fact.
At the beginning of the 20th century when the immigration of Russian Jews took place, large parts of the Arab community in Palestine were still leading mostly pre-modern lives dominated by patriarchy, the subordination of women, the strict loyalty to one’s clan, and the unquestioning adherence to one’s religion.
The Russian Jewish immigrants, however, including many Socialists, were embarking on quite another way of life. In Palestine, they personified the subversive and therefore threatening aspects of modern life such as secularisation, the individual pursuit of happiness, freethinking and the equality of women to most of the local population. There is hardly any other region in the world where such different life-styles and social ideas have clashed together at one place.

At first glance, the conflict between Zionism and anti-Zionism appears to deal primarily with the possession of land. On a deeper level, however, the acceptance or rejection of the modern world was at stake. At that time, not a few Arabs considered the modernising effects of Zionist immigration as favorable. During the 1920‘s, for example, prominent leaders in Egypt believed “that the progress of Zionism might help to secure the development of a new Eastern civilisation” as Mr. Kisch who was at that time Chairman of the Palestine Zionist Executive noted in his diary after visiting Cairo in 1924. In Palestine, the members of the Nashashibi family as well as parts of the Christian minority tended to lean toward this point of view. But the conservatism of the Mufti, supported by the Muslim Brotherhood as well as by the National Socialists in Germany, prevailed.
It is revealing how Giselher Wirsing, a leading German Nazi journalist and admirer of the Mufti, described this situation after visiting Palestine on behalf of the SS in 1937 and 1939. “In Palestine, the capitalist way of thinking and living (as well as its Marxist equivalent) is exclusively embodied in Jewry.” However, as far as Islam is concerned, “the ideas of the West have not succeeded in casting doubt on the essence of the traditional way of life.” In Palestine, due to the rule of the Mufti, “the breakthrough of liberalistic ideas has barely taken place. Apparently, for those ideas, only the Nashashibis family would have been suitable, and for this reason … they received support from England, in particular.”

During the course of the “Arab Revolt” which caused a turning point in the history of Palestine, the defeat of the Nashashibis and the birth of Islamism coincided. There is no doubt that this outcome of the revolt has proven to be catastrophic for the entire Arab world. Since then, hatred of Jews has been whipped up relentlessly, because Jews represented the danger of threatening change, and resistance against modernization was multiplied because change itself was seen as being quintessentially Jewish.

This antisemitic distortion of facts has spread throughout the entire Arab world and has more or less impeded its development to the present day. It is against this background that the rapid proliferation of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion in this region is taking place.
The wording of these Protocols is primarily directed against any influence of Liberalism by depicting it as a secret tool of the Jews. Consequently, this book, fabricated by the secret agents of the Tsar in the 1890s, is distributed by the royal successors of Ibn Saud, to this day.
Why did Osama bin Laden’s Letter to the American people of October 2002 accuse the United States of being “the worst civilization witnessed in the history of mankind”? Osama bin Laden himself provides the answer: “Because you are the nation who, rather than ruling by the Shariah of Allah in its Consitution and Laws, have chosen to invent your own laws as your will and desire.” The core reason behind any Islamistic attack is the accusation of propagating heresy which is seen by giving people political and personal freedom.

In order to make a better case against the freedom of the individual, Islamists connect it to a Jewish conspiracy. In his Letter to the American people bin Laden continued: “The Jews have taken control of your economy, through which they have then taken control of your media, and they now control all aspects of your life - making you their servants and achieving their aims at your expense.” The means of this allegedly Jewish control and infiltration are, according to bin Laden’s letter, “the immoral acts of fornication, homosexuality, intoxicants, gambling, and trading with interest.”
This may sound like madness to most of us. For Islamists, however, it is precisely this mission of purification and salvation which provides the eliminatory ingredient of Islamistic antisemitism. The hatred of Jews as a hatred against the challenges of modern life is the underlying reason why innocent people were killed on 9/11 - Islamists consider New York City to be the center of World Jewry, as was clearly corroborated at the Hamburg trial of Motassadeq.
The Islamist’s distorted image of themselves is shaped by claiming superiority and dominance over the rest of the world. According to a statement of al Qaida’s spokesman, Suleiman Abu Gheith, the Muslim nation “was created to stand at the center … of hegemony and rule” for it is “the divine rule …, that the entire earth must be subject to the religion of Allah.” Their characteristic trait is their hatred of accepting distinct differences. The “humane” has been developed in the course of centuries by accepting and valuing distinctions, and the acknowledgement of equality between women and men has always been the starting point of that acceptance. The utopia of Islamism, however, is aimed at revoking acceptance of differences so as to extinguish individuality and to submit everybody to the binding force of the clan and their religion again.
The Islamists’ distorted image of the enemy is directed at civilizations which do not believe that real life only starts after death, and who instead value life here on earth thus thwarting the Islamists’ belief of eternal justice by employing such “perfidious” means as reason and doubt, engaging in fornication and by changing the ancient structure of the family.

It is precisely this combination of the Islamists’ image of themselves and their distorted image of the enemy which has resulted in such an insane mission, namely the annihilation of evil - and this evil is mostly declared as being Jewish - in order to purify society and to save mankind. It is this mission that creates a hatred of evil that exceeds the fear of death itself.
Just like National Socialism was propelled by a utopia which advocated salvation through destruction, Islamism is propelled forward by a similar utopia. In both cases, it is the distorted image of a perceived enemy which provides the perpetrator with his own identiy. In both cases, the annihilation of evil is considered to be the precondition for the realization of an idealized dream of homogeneity. In both cases this evil is projected onto ‘the Jew’.


Dangers

There is an underlying connection between 9/11/2001 - the al Qaida attack – and 11/9/1989 – the fall of the Berlin Wall which has provided fertile ground to the powerful attraction of today’s Islamism. Until 1989, capitalism was criticized not only by Islamists but more relevantly by the Soviet Union and her allies. Since 1990, however, Islamism is the only remaining movement that combines three critical ingredients: 1. a comprehensive ideology to challenge capitalist societies, 2. enormous financial resources, 3. global spreading..
Many people in the world have ample reason to be dissatisfied with their wretched conditions of life which are connected to the relentless law of the market economy throughout the world. Islamism, however, is a world-wide rebellion which channels this discontent either against Israel, which is supposedly dominated by Americans, or against the United States, which is allegedly ruled by Jews. This particular movement does not fight under the flag of anti-colonialism but under the flag of antisemitism; it does not strive for emancipation but for oppression; it is not ruled by a concept of reason, but by madness.

In spite of this, there is today no other anti-capitalist or anti-Western movement that is able to influence, to mobilize, to muster so many people. It should be noted that in the aftermath of 9/11, Islamists were extremely successful in elections in Bahrain, Morocco and Pakistan. The result of a poll of 38,000 people in 44 Islamic countries, which was conducted in the summer of 2002, presented a frightening picture: More than 25 per cent of the people polled in Ghana, Indonesia, Senegal and Uganda said that suicide bombing was justifiable as a means to defend Islam; more than 33 per cent in Pakistan and Mali said the same; more than 40 per cent in Jordan, Bangladesh and Nigeria agreed; and so did more than 50 per cent in the Ivory Coast; and 73 per cent in Lebanon.
It was precisely 9/11 which has given the Islamists this enormous boost. But that is not all. The burning towers of the World Trade Center turned out to be the sign of fire which announced “the reawakening of antisemitism in its new globalized form.”
In the spring of 2002, two million people participated in mass demonstrations which took place in every Arab capital in favor of Hamas suicide bombings. In Europe , at the same time, we witnessed the most severe antisemite riots against Jewish life since Germany’s Reichskristallnacht of 1938.
This antisemitism was enthusiastically adopted by Nazi-oriented organizations throughout the world who openly expressed joy at the destruction of the World Trade Center and the death of thousands of innocent civilians. These people are attempting to make formal alliances with the Islamists. Informally, however, the anti-Jewish sentiment is more and more becoming the cement of a new coalition which includes huge parts of the contemporary Left, who do not loathe Israel and Jews for racist or religious reasons, but for so-called ‘universalist’ ones. Over the centuries, antisemitism has continually mutated into new forms. Now it seems to change again, into a shape which requires a new way of thinking and a new vocabulary. The movement against globalization, for instance, appears to degenerate into a breeding ground for a modern version of antisemitism. Their activists wear T-shirts printed with “Burn, Israel, Burn” without any awareness of breaking a taboo, because they are on the Left. The present mutation claims that the worst crimes of antisemites in the past are now attributed to Jews and the state of Israel, so that if you are against Nazism, you must ipso facto be opposed to Jews. As Melanie Phillips accurately wrote: “This has produced an Orwellian situation in which hatred of the Jews now marches behind the Left’s banner of anti-racism and human rights, giving rise even to mainstream articles discussing the malign power of the Jews over America and world policy.”

Conspiracy theories have clearly gone beyond the adherents of Islamism. In France, a book claiming that no plane crashed into the Pentagon, became a best-seller. In Germany, a similar book claims that 9/11 was nothing more than a secret maneuver of the CIA. An example: “If George W. Bush, his father, other important decision-makers and top bankers are the members of an elitist secret lodge which had armed Hitler and Stalin and had thus provoked World War II, then it seems only logical that they are having a hand in preparing for World War III as well.” This book, which turns historic facts upside down, went through 28 editions within five months. It was written by a former editor of the Green Party-oriented daily newspaper, the “Tageszeitung” or “taz” as it is known in Germany, and was published by a left-wing publishing house.
The above is obviously the German version of the well-known lie about the 4000 Jews who thanks to having been informed by the Mossad beforehand, allegedly did not go to work at the WTC on 9/11. This lie which originated in the Middle East and is based on theories from the Protocols of the Elders of Zion was spread around the world at breakneck speed right after 9/11. For the first time, an event of enormous global relevance was interpreted in a blatantly antisemitic way and has been sold successfully as fact. As if being steered by the invisible hands of an al Qaida leader, the 9 /11 catastrophe contributed to serious damage of Israel’s image and blamed the United States for its own losses of human life.

In the United States it was apparently not an isolated case that pro-Israel students at San Francisco State University were confronted with a mob of students shouting “Hitler didn’t finish the job”. According to the Anti-Defamation League, there were more than 100 antisemitic incidents on America’s campuses between January and May 2002. Students and faculty at a growing number of universities are joining in a rising movement to pressure colleges into divesting themselves of holdings in companies that do business with and in Israel , whereas nobody seems to be concerned about those companies that do business in Iran and Syria and did business in Iraq.
Antisemitism is a disease with no single cause. There seems to exist a deep-seated psychological need to discard the burden of German and European guilt about the Holocaust by defaming its victims posthumously. Others feel a pressing need to atone for European colonialism and imperialism by embracing Islamism and casting Israel as the world’s worst colonial power. Elsewhere, antisemitism is gathering strength from all sorts of misplaced discontent and from resentments. As is amply documented, antisemitism doesn’t need reasoned substance for its existance, because it is not based on opinions or on prejudice, but is part of an infrastructure of emotions which are the foundation of the antisemist’s own distorted identity.
Thus, contrasting sharply with all the facts I have presented, we have to conclude that, although al Qaida’ s attack has its roots in antisemitism, this has not lead to wholesale condemnation of antisemtism in so-called civilized countries Actually, the opposite is happening. At present, we are experiencing an unprecedented rise in antisemtism all over the world.

In the first part of this essay, I pointed out that from the very beginning Islamism and the hatred of Jews have been closely linked. It should follow that fighting Islamism demands zero-tolerance of antisemitism. If antisemitic propaganda and antisemitic acts would be made socially as well as politically unacceptable and would result in severe consequences, Islamism and Jihadism would loose its main impetus. In the second part, I discussed modernization and its relationship to Jews in the Middle East. Promoting democracy in this region obviously requires a determined effort to combat antisemitism simultaneously. In the third part, I tried to explain the urgency for critical decisions to be made. As I mentioned in the beginning, we cannot use our Western modes of reasoning to comprehend Islamist ideology and suicide murder. However, we have to make use of our knowledge of Islamist’s consciousness to combat a deadly irrationality and to draw an unassailable demarcation between a concept of change based on the traditions of the Enlightenment, and a concept of change that doesn’t hesitate to utilise fascist means to destroy individuality and to prevent the development and emancipation of societies.

Dr. Matthias Küntzel, a political scientist and author, lives in Hamburg, Germany. His new book “Djihad und Judenhass. Über den neuen antijüdischen Krieg“, was published in 2002. (Ca ira-pubs., Freiburg, Germany, 180 pages, € 13.50. For orders contact www.ca-ira.net)

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 10:56 FM
Uri Anvery: Die Zähne der Kinder

www.uri-avnery.de
Uri Avnery ist israelischer Friedensaktivist und Mitgründer der kleinen israelischen Gruppe Gush Shalom


Die Verhaftung der Führer der islamischen Bewegung in Israel


Eines der progressivsten jüdischen Prinzipien des Alten Testamentes kommt nun auf den Prüfstein: „In jenen Tagen wird man nicht mehr sagen: die Väter haben saure Trauben gegessen, und den Kindern sind die Zähne stumpf geworden, sondern ein jeder wird um seiner Schuld willen sterben, und wer saure Trauben gegessen hat, dem sollen seine Zähne stumpf werden.“ (Jeremia 31, 29)
Der Selbstmordattentäter tötet sich selbst. Sollen seine Waisen deshalb bestraft werden?
Die israelische Besatzungsarmee sagt: „Ja, tatsächlich! Außerdem ist jeder, der diesen Kindern hilft, ein Krimineller, ein Komplize, ein Unterstützer des Terrors. Wenn der potentielle Selbstmordattentäter weiß, dass seine Familie nach seinem Tod hungern wird, wird er möglicherweise davor zurückschrecken, seine Tat auszuführen. Aber wenn er weiß, dass jemand sich um seine Familie kümmern wird, dann wird er in seiner Bereitschaft, ein Märtyrer zu werden, bestärkt.
Das heißt also: „Die Väter haben saure Trauben gegessen und die Zähne der Kinder werden stumpf werden. Jeder soll für die Missetaten seines Vaters sterben, und die Zähne der ganzen Familie sollen darunter leiden

Der Artikel

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 10:38 FM
Mai 17, 2003
Israel-Kulturwochen in Niedersachsen

http://www.israel-kulturwochen.de/

Termin: 15. - 30. Mai 2003

Text von der website:
Juden, Muslime, Christen. Palästinenser und Israelis.
Frieden, Krieg – Kultur?

Ja, Kultur! Besonders Kultur! Hauptsächlich Kultur! Zwei Wochen lang. Für Niedersachsen. Für die Völkerverständigung. Über hundert Künstler aus Israel, Sänger, Tänzer, Schriftsteller, Fotografen, Choreographen, Kunsthandwerker und bildende Künstler werden vom 15. bis zum 30. Mai nach Niedersachsen kommen, um ihr Land und ihre Kultur mit "Israel: Kulturwochen in Niedersachsen" vorzustellen. Mit dabei sind beispielsweise Voices for Peace, ein einzigartiges Friedensprojekt des Chors Al baat Shefa-Amr und des Collegium Tel-Aviv, die Kibbutz Contemporary Dance Company und das Amber Trio Jerusalem. Ihr Ziel ist eins: die Friedensarbeit für und in Israel zu fördern. Sie wollen anregen, aufregen, bewegen.

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 12:37 EM
Birthright participant turns pro-Palestinian activist

GUSH SHALOM - pob 3322 Tel-Aviv 61033 - www.gush-shalom.org


By Annette Young

`I'm helping the Jews by being here,' says Laura Gordon, who has
joined the International Solidarity Movement It is probably not what the
founders of Birthright Israel - the program that brings thousands of
young diaspora Jews to Israel each year - would have ever imagined:
That within months of arrival, a Birthright participant would become a
spokeswoman for the International Solidarity Movement (ISM), a pro- Palestinian activist group operating in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Laura Gordon, 20, from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, arrived in the country
last December with thousands of Jewish students from some 30
countries on the Birthright program.

"I didn't have any money and I did want to come and see Israel," she
told Anglo File this week.

Told originally about the program by one of her professors at Grinnell
College in Iowa, Gordon signed up and was interviewed by telephone
by a Birthright organizer in New York. "I was asked if I was Jewish and
if my level of
religiousness was appropriate for the program," said Gordon, whose family are
Reconstructionist Jews. She saw the program as an opportunity "to learn about
the conflict and talk to people on both sides. I hoped as an outsider that I could
have a more objective understanding of the situation and help bring peace to the
region."

Within three months, Gordon would become one of the nine foreign activists
working with the ISM in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. In recent months,
the organization has attracted world attention after one member, Rachel Corrie,
was killed and two other members were seriously injured while attempting to
stop Israeli bulldozers from levelling Palestinian homes.

During the 10-day Birthright program, Gordon visited a young Israeli who was
seriously wounded in a Palestinian suicide bombing. "At that point, I was
learning about that side, and now I'm learning about this side," she said. After Birthright, Gordon became even more curious to visit the Gaza Strip,
having received e-mails from an American friend in Rafah.

"I was being told by really sweet 18- or 19-year-old boys in the army that it
was a really honorable thing, what was going on in the territories," she
explained, adding that contrasted greatly to her friend's e-mails about the
"Palestinians' daily subjection to fire and violence."

Gordon made a quick trip to Rafah just days before Corrie's death in March but
after hearing of the incident, decided to head back to the Gaza Strip for a longer
visit. "Initially, like everybody who comes here, I thought it would be a month
but it's turned out to be much longer," she said in a phone conversation this
week. "Here in Rafah, I already have many, many families who I consider as my
own family. They have been so welcoming, thanking us for bringing world
attention to their plight."

While her own family back in the U.S. supported her work, she said, they "were
scared to death" about her safety.

Asked how people reacted to a Birthright participant being involved in such
activities, Gordon responded: "Some people, when they heard back in the
States, said I had betrayed Birthright by doing this, but Birthright does not come
with a stipulation that you must espouse certain values."

The revelation about Gordon comes in the wake of government cuts to the
funding of the Birthright program which until this year, was split equally three
ways between a group of North American philanthropists, diaspora Jewish
communities and the Israeli government.

When informed of Gordon's role in the ISM, the international marketing director
for Birthright Israel, Gidi Mark, told Anglo File that the criterion for accepting
participants is that they have to be "Jews between the ages of 18 and 26 who
will be coming to Israel on their first peer-group educational trip."
"In the event of irregular behavior, including incitement against the State of
Israel, participants are sent back to their homes," he said. "Some of the
participants choose to extend their stay in Israel on their own. We do not follow
the whereabouts in Israel of participants after they have completed the 10-day
program that Birthright Israel provides."

However, Mark stressed that "in the brief time that Birthright Israel exists, tens
of thousands of Jewish young adults have become Israel's ambassadors on
campuses throughout the world."

Meanwhile, life for Gordon and other ISM activists has become even harder in
the last week with the Israel Defense Forces announcing tough new regulations
for foreigners operating in the Gaza Strip. Foreign nationals entering the Strip
are now asked to sign a form in which they pledge not to enter military areas
along the Israel-Egypt border or other areas of conflict. They are also being
asked to sign a waiver exempting Israel from any responsibility in the event of
injury or death.

For its part, the IDF has charged that many of the self-proclaimed peace
activists are "provacateurs" and "riot inciters" who deliberately interfere with the
army's work in an effort to blacken Israel's image.

In addition, last Friday the IDF raided the ISM's offices in the West Bank
village of Beit Sahour, arresting a Palestinian secretary, Fida Gharib, and an
American, Christine Razowsky along with an Australian human rights worker,
Miranda Sissons, who was visiting at the time.

The organization is now changing its direction, Gordon said, as "clearly, it has
become dangerous to do direct actions, so we're refocusing our efforts on
community development - such as writing papers on the water situation in the
region."

She added that "the situation has become more and more difficult, but we don't
feel that by any means that it is the end of ISM. More and more people are e- mailing us and offering their support."
In addition, the group launched an e-mail campaign this week calling on those
activists who had been in the region to return.

"We are a nonviolent group and we maintain neutrality," Gordon stressed. "You
try to distance yourself from the factions here while understanding that this is the
result of the occupation. I would be thrilled to see the day when there are no
more suicide bombers, but I don't see anything in place [that shows that] Israel
is serious about reducing the violence here. Sincerely, I do believe that I am
furthering the safety and long-term stability of the Jewish people by being here."


Ha'aretz, Friday, May 16 - internet edition http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/pages/ShArt.jhtml?itemNo=293871&sw=ISM

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 12:23 EM
Mai 15, 2003
Schulprogramm für friedliches Zusammenleben

Quelle:
Israelische Botschaft


200 britische Juden von der Organisation United Jewish Israel Appeal (UJIA) haben am Donnerstag an der Gründungsveranstaltung eines neuen Erziehungsprogramms in Israel teilgenommen. Das Projekt ist ein Trainingsprogramm für israelische Lehrerinnen und Lehrer zur Vermittlung von Werten des friedlichen Zusammenlebens zwischen Säkularen und Religiösen, Neueinwanderern und Sabres, Männern und Frauen, Juden und Arabern, Städtern und Bewohnern ländlicher Gebiete in Israel. Das Programm ist eine neue Initiative des ex-Londoners Michael Prashker und steht unter der Schirmherrschaft des israelischen Staatspräsidenten Moshe Katsav. (The Jerusalem Post)

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 06:49 EM
Mai 14, 2003
Uri Avnery: Arafat besuchen? Um Himmelswillen, warum?

In den Augen der Palästinenser – fast aller von ihnen – ist Arafat ein furchtloser Führer, der auch unter den schwierigsten Umständen unerschütterlich bleibt; ein Mann, der den Mumm hat, zu den Forderungen der Mächtigen der Welt „nein“ zu sagen, da sie das palästinensische Volk um seine fundamentalen Rechte betrügen wollen. Ohne zurückzuschrecken stand er den Herrschern der arabischen Welt gegenüber. In Camp David stand er unter immensem Druck von Clinton und Barak - ohne zurückzuweichen. Er hielt unter schrecklichen Bedingungen die Belagerung seines Amtssitzes in Ramallah aus – ohne zusammenzubrechen.

Arafat besuchen? Um Himmelswillen, warum?


Der Artikel

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 11:35 FM
NSA - Dein Freund und Helfer

Weiterleitung
q/depesche 2003-05-12T06:22:46
(12. März 2003 www.evolver.at)

NSA hilft chaotischem Kolumnisten -
Data-Recovery mit Echolon? Es funktioniert!

"Ich schrieb einen Artikel über George W Bush und wollte mit Copy/Paste ein
Zitat von einer Staatszerstörer-Website einfügen, konnte es aber beim
besten Willen nicht finden." erzählt Reinhard Gantar von der
/Gantar-World/. "Ich find/greppte/googelte ungefähr eine Stunde lang herum
und wurde immer verzweifelter. Mein ganzer Artikel hing von diesem Zitat
ab."

-.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.- -.-. --.-
Dann aber kam Gantar die Erleuchtung: "Der gesamte e-Mail-Verkehr sowie
Web-Traffic wird von der NSA erfaßt und gespeichert. Irgendwo in diesem
Datenwust mußte mein Zitat sein, so spekulierte ich messerscharft."

Und so war es auch. Gantar arbeitete sich auf der NSA-Website bis zu den
Telephonnummern und e-Mail-Adressen der für Echelon zuständigen Agenten
durch. "Dear NSA," schrieb der Humorist, und erklärte ihnen den Fall. Um
die Suche leichter zu machen, gab er nicht nur einige Brocken des gesuchten
Absatzes, sondern auch hilfreiche Information wie "subversiv, Terror,
obszön, blashphemisch" und seinen genauen Namen und e-Mail-Adresse an. "Ich
konnte es kaum glauben, so viel Glück hatte ich." schwärmt Gantar. "Nach
nur 5 Minuten erhielt ich zur Antwort 'no problem', sowie das sehnsüchtig
erwartete Zitat im Attachment."

Seither ist Gantar, nach eigener Aussage, "auch Echelon-Fan".


http://www.evolver.at/gantar-world/print.20030312-0011.html

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 10:40 FM
Mai 12, 2003
Uri Avnery: Visit Arafat? For God's Sake, Why?

10.5.03

"Have you gone mad? Now? He is irrelevant! He's finished!" These were the reactions of some people when Israeli TV showed my meeting with Arafat in Ramallah this week.

Is Arafat "finished"? If so, he has not heard about it. I found him in splendid shape. At some of my meetings with him over the last few years he frequently looked tired, even distant and self-absorbed. This time he was in good spirits. He talked energetically, reacted rapidly, poked gentle fun at his assistants and made some biting remarks.

(For example: when we spoke about Sharon's demand that Abu-Mazen conduct mass arrests, he laughed: "But the Israelis have destroyed all our prisons, except the one in Jericho. And if we want to transfer a criminal there, we must ask the Quartet for a car, so as to be able to pass the Israeli checkpoints!")

One can understand his lively mood. For the last year, his life has been hanging on a thread. Sharon could have sent his men to kill him at any moment. (Several times this danger seemed so close that my friends and I found it necessary to rush there as a human shield.) One of the Israeli officers boasted this week that "only a thin wall separated me from him." Now this danger has been rendered more remote - even if Arafat is still confined to his small building, amid surrealistic ruins.

During the last 45 years, his life has been in danger many times. Dozens of attempts have been made on his life. Once his airplane crash landed, killing several of his entourage. He survived it all. This time, too. His sense of relief is understandable.

There is also physical relief. Since he returned to Palestine, his workload has been incredible. As he insisted on attending to practically everything himself, big things and small, he worked inhuman hours, often until the early hours of the morning. Now he is free of a substantial part of the routine work, and the results are obvious.

But the main thing is that Arafat's standing with his own people is now stronger than ever. Curiously enough, it is the appointment of a Prime Minister that has caused this. The appointment of Abu-Mazen, which was intended by Sharon and Bush to "weaken" Arafat and to "push him aside", has had the opposite effect.

This requires an explanation. For years now, a continuous and concentrated campaign to demonize Arafat has been conducted in Israel and the West. In the ten years since Oslo, millions of words have been spoken and written about him in the Israeli media, and I don't recall one single word of praise. He has been systematically described as a terrorist, tyrant, dictator, corrupt liar, a cheat and what not. In particular he was represented as the man who said "no" to the unprecedentedly generous offers of Ehud Barak and President Clinton, which "proves" that in reality his aim is to destroy Israel.

Those who have been fed with this propaganda cannot understand why Palestinians adore him. The answer is: for the very same reasons.

In the eyes of the Palestinians - almost all of them - Arafat is a fearless leader, who stands firm in the most difficult circumstances; a man who has the guts to say "no" to the demands of the mighty of the world to betray fundamental rights of the Palestinian people. He has confronted the rulers of the Arab world without flinching; at Camp David he stood up to immense pressure from Clinton and Barak without yielding; he held out in the terrible conditions of the siege of his Ramallah compound without breaking.

Palestinians, like all Arabs, like all peoples, admire personal courage. Arafat has proven his courage in conditions that no other leader in the world has had to face. He has come to symbolize the steadfastness of the whole Palestinian people. That is the source of his authority, even in the eyes of his many critics on the right and on the left.

This authority is essential for Abu-Mazen's political effectiveness. Unlike Arafat, Abu-Mazen is popular in the West. He radiates moderation and readiness for compromise. This is the face the West wants to see. The two of them are a bit like Ben-Gurion and Sharett in the early days of Israel. Ben-Gurion was the idol of the Israeli public, while Sharett was popular on the international stage.

Abu-Mazen is accepted by the Palestinian public. If another person had assumed office under such circumstances, he would have been suspected of being a collaborator. But Abu-Mazen is known as a Palestinian patriot, and is respected as one of the founders of the Fatah movement. Even in extreme demonstrations, I did not hear shouts of protest against him. However, he is not a charismatic leader and has no solid political base.

That is why Abu-Mazen needs Arafat. Without his solid backing, Abu-Mazen will neither be able to make concessions abroad nor to act forcefully at home. More than ever, Arafat is essential for progress on the road to peace.

But does Arafat really want peace? Most Israelis are unable to imagine such a thing. How could they? Did they ever hear the true story?

From my personal experience, I can recount this: At the end of the October 1973 war, Arafat concluded that if the armies of Egypt and Syria were defeated after their unexpected brilliant initial successes, then there is no military solution to the conflict. As usual, he decided quickly and decided alone. He instructed his trusted aide, Sa'id Hamami, to publish an article in London calling for the attainment of a peace settlement with Israel by political means. (This induced me to meet with Hamami in secret, and since then I have followed Arafat's moves closely.)

For the Palestinian national movement, the proposed change was redical. A political process instead of the sole reliance on "armed struggle". A peace settlement with Israel, which had taken possession of 78% of the Palestinian land and expelled half of the Palestinian people from their homes. That necessitated a mental and political revolution, and since 1974 Arafat has promoted this revolution cautiously and with determination, step by step. (I witnessed these steps - first through Hamami and Issam Sartawi, later in personal contact with Arafat.) in 1988 the Palestinian National Council at long last adopted this line explicitly, after a series of ambivalent resolutions. Abu-Mazen was closely connected with this process right from the beginning.

Throughout this period, Yitzhaq Rabin and Shimon Peres actively opposed this development. (On this, too, I can bear personal witness, since I conveyed several messages from Arafat to Rabin.) It must be stated clearly for history's sake: Not Rabin and Peres were the spiritual fathers of Oslo, but Arafat and Abu-Mazen. The award of the Nobel Peace Prize to Peres and not to Abu-Mazen was, therefore, a gross injustice.

Sharon, of course, does not want peace that brings with it a viable Palestinian state in all the occupied territories and the evacuation of the settlements. But he is far too shrewd to openly obstruct Abu-Mazen, the protegee of the West. Therefore he is concentrating all his efforts on breaking Arafat - knowing that without Arafat, Abu-Mazen would be ineffective.

That is the crux of the matter. Arafat is essential for the peace effort. That's why I went to visit him.

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 09:36 FM
Mai 10, 2003
Sunnitische Islamisten zum Irakkrieg und zur Rolle der Schiiten

Middle East Media Research Institute
MEMRI Special Dispatch - 09. Mai 2003

Al Nida´a, eine Al-Qaida nahe stehende Website, veröffentlichte vor kurzem
eine Reihe von Artikeln über den Irakkrieg. Der elfte Teil dieser unter der
Rubrik eines ´Islamischen Studien- und Forschungszentrums´ erscheinenden
Serie dreht sich um Gefahren, die sunnitischen Islamisten in der Region
zukünftig verstärkt drohen würden.(1) Der Text beschreibt eine Reihe dieser
Gefahren. Insbesondere betont er die heraufziehende Bedrohung des Islam
und des sunnitischen Islamismus durch die Schiiten - eine Bedrohung, die
größer sei als jene, die "von Juden und Christen" ausginge. Im Folgenden
fassen wir die zentralen Argumente zusammen.

Die Bedrohung durch die Kreuzfahrer: Im Irak wird sich die Bedrohung durch
die "Kreuzfahrer" - der Text erinnert an die "Rolle" der Kirche von den
Kreuzzügen bis zu den Kriegen in Afghanistan und Bosnien - nach Meinung der
Autoren hauptsächlich in den zu erwartenden missionarischen Unternehmungen
erweisen, die die Autoren zusätzlich zu militärischen Unternehmungen
erwarten, die der "Ausrottung des Islam" dienen.

Die jüdische Gefahr: Hier werden vor allem zwei angebliche Gründe für den
Irakkrieg angeführt - zum einen ein jüdischer Plan, den Irak aus religiösen
Beweggründen zu kontrollieren; und zum anderen die Bedrohung auszuschalten,
die vom Irak für die Existenz Israels ausgeht.

Die Bedrohung für den Islam durch die Muslime selbst: "Die wahren Gläubigen
", die sunnitischen Islamisten, sehen sich, so heißt es, sowohl mit
allgemeinem Hass (in den Gesellschaften der Region) als auch mit
institutionalisiertem Hass konfrontiert. Dieser ginge von den Regierungen
und den diesen unterstellten religiösen Gelehrten der islamischen Länder
aus: "Deren Hass", so heißt es, "ist kein Stück geringer als der der Juden
und Christen. Und manchmal ist er hundertmal schlimmer..."

Die säkulare Bedrohung: "Keinen Zweifel" bestehe zudem darüber, "dass der
amerikanische Säkularismus, der mit Gewalt in die Region übertragen werden
wird, eine der größten Bedrohungen für die Hegemonie des Islam und die
Dominanz der Scharia [islamisches Gesetz] darstellt [...] Die islamische
Welt wird sich von einer Diktatur in eine Demokratie verwandeln, die eine
Verwilderung aller Lebensbereiche mit sich bringt." Demokratie bedeute
dabei, dass Menschen anstelle Gottes regieren würden.

Die Sufis: Der Artikel konstatiert, dass eine große Gruppe Muslime die
Säkularisierung ablehnen und die "Zionisten-Kreuzfahrer-Koalition" daher
große religiösen Gruppen wie die Sufis [islamische Mystiker] unterstützen
wird. Diese Gruppen, die "meistens Ungläubige sind", würden unter anderem
dem Monismus und Pantheismus folgen sowie Ekstase, göttliche Inspirationen
und "unzähligen anderen Aberglauben" anhängen. Diese Gemeinschaften würden
keine Arbeit kennen und dem Djihad entgegen treten, nicht aber den
Ungläubigen.

Die Bedrohung durch den Rationalismus: Hierzu heißt es, dass der britische
Imperialismus diesen "tödlichen Samen" ausgelegt hätte und nun "im Namen des
Islam" behauptet würde, dass "der Islam den Unglauben nicht bekämpfe und
vielmehr befohlen habe, sich dem Ungläubigen anzunähern und mit ihm zusammen
zu leben. [...] Diese Denkschule, die von Muhammad 'Abdu [Anfang 20.
Jahrhunderts] etabliert wurde und behauptet, die Logik genieße Vorrang
gegenüber der Schrift [dem Koran], könnte der erste Schritt zur
Säkularisierung der Region sein, weil sie eine Mischung aus Säkularismus und
Islam darstellt."

Die Schia: Für die Verfasser des Textes vom ´Islamischen Studien- und
Forschungszentrum´ ist "die Gefahr, die für die Region von der Schia
ausgeht, keineswegs geringer als die seitens der Juden und Christen." Denn:
"Im Laufe der islamischen Geschichte half die Schia den Christen und
Polytheisten bei ihren Kämpfen gegen die muslimischen Länder." Der äußerlich
demonstrierte antijüdische und antichristliche Hass der Schia sei lediglich
Propaganda, um die iranische Revolution in andere Länder zu exportieren.
Dazu, so will es der Artikel wissen, habe die iranische Schia einen
Fünf-Stufen-Plan entwickelt, wobei jede Stufe auf zehn Jahre veranschlagt
sei.

Im Irak hätte man erneut gesehen wie sich die Geistlichen der Schia beeilt
haben, die Tore für die Kreuzfahrer zu öffnen und mit ihnen kooperiert
haben, um den Irak zu kontrollieren: "Zwar veröffentlichten sie anfänglich
eine Fatwa über die Notwendigkeit gegen den Feind zu kämpfen, der die
muslimischen Länder angreift. [Aber] diese Fatwa war für den örtlichen
Gebrauch bestimmt und wurde nicht auf dem Schlachtfeld umgesetzt. Auch die
im Iran stationierte ,Badr Brigade' der Schia marschierte nicht in Irak ein
und feuerte nicht eine Kugel, die der Fatwa entsprochen hätte."

Im Gegenteil: "Als die Schia erkannte, dass sich die Waagschale zugunsten
der Kreuzfahrer neigte, beeilten sie sich, ihnen die Tore zu öffnen und mit
ihnen zu kooperieren, um die meisten der südlichen Städte zu kontrollieren.
Sie wiederholten damit die Rolle eines ihrer Vorfahren, Ibn Al-'Alqami, der
[1259] den Mongolen die Tore Bagdads geöffnet hatte. Die Amerikanern können
nicht anders als diesen Geistlichen der Schia dafür zu danken, dass sie
ihnen halfen in die Städte einzumarschieren und sie zu kontrollieren. [...]
Weiterhin unterstützt also die irakische Schia die Feinde, die Kreuzfahrer
und verriet die Sunniten, so dass diese gefangen genommen oder getötet
werden konnten."

Neben solchen Angriffen auf die Schiiten tritt der Artikel auch der Tatsache
entgegen, dass diese die Bevölkerungsmehrheit im Irak stellen. "Wenn [also]
die Schia eine Regierung fordert, die die Mehrheit repräsentieren soll, dann
müsste diese Regierung sunnitisch sein, weil nämlich die Sunniten die
Mehrheit im Irak ausmachen - 68% aller Araber und Nicht-Araber." Da aber
kein einziges sunnitisches Land die Rechte der irakischen Sunniten
unterstütze, sei der einzige Weg, wie die diese ihre legitimen Rechte
zurückgewinnen könnten, "ein Aufruf zum Djihad gegen die Feinde der Nation
und des Glaubens."

Zusammenfassend hebt Al-Nida´a noch einmal hervor, dass "die Bedrohung
dieser [der irakischen] Nation durch die Schia ähnlich groß [ist] wie die
von den Juden und Christen ausgehende. [...] Die Schia stellt eine Gefahr
nicht nur für den Irak, sondern für die gesamte Region dar, wenn sie ihren
Einfluss im Irak ausdehnt oder eine Art Autonomie im südlichen Irak erhält.
[...]. Schließlich gibt es eine beträchtliche Anzahl [von Schiiten] in Saudi
Arabien, Kuwait und Bahrain. Wenn sich diese organisieren und ihre
Bemühungen von Ländern wie Iran, Syrien und Libanon unterstützt würden,
bedeutete dies, dass sie in ihrem 50-Jahres Plan weit fortgeschritten sind."
[...]

"Die Muslime sollten vorsichtig sein, denn die Schia zögert nicht, mit den
Kreuzfahrern und den jüdischen Feinden der Sunna zu kooperieren. [...] Wer
sich in der Geschichte auskennt, weiß, dass die Schia den Feinden zur Seite
stand, als diese der Nation [hier: islamische Gemeinschaft]in den Rücken
fiel. Es genügt zu wissen, dass es die Schia war, welche die Heiligkeit des
Hauses Allahs beschmutzte und zwanzig Jahren lang den schwarzen Stein [Ka'
ba] entwendet hatte, bis er an seinen Platz zurückkehrte. Wer den Glauben
der Schia kennt, kann die Tiefe ihrer Boshaftigkeit und ihres Hasses kaum
fassen. Nehmt Euch in Acht, ihr Muslime."

Der Artikel warnt davor, sich der Schia auch nur anzunähern. Dies sei
gefährlicher als eine Annäherung an die Juden, deren Feindselikeit im
Unterschied zu jener der Schiiten allseits bekannt sei. "Nicht jeder, der
behauptet Muslim zu sein, ist auch wirklich einer - dann nämlich wenn sein
Handeln voll und ganz im Widerspruch zum Islam steht."


(1) URL von Anfang Mai:
http://www.bkufus.com/images/img/?subject=2&rec=1049
(2) Im Jahr 930 wurde die die Ka´aba von den schiitischen
Karmaten aus Mekka gestohlen.

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 12:25 EM
Fast 40 000 Manuskripte und 700 Artefakte wieder aufgetaucht

www.telepolis.de

Andrea Naica-Loebell 09.05.2003
Die Rolle, die amerikanische Soldaten bei den Plünderungen im Irak gespielt haben, wird immer dubioser
Es liegt der US-Regierung viel daran, zu zeigen, dass sie sich intensiv für die irakischen Kulturgüter einsetzt. (vgl. "Das passiert")


Der Artikel

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 12:21 EM
Ascheklumpen

www.telepolis.de

Andrea Naica-Loebell 08.05.2003
Die geraubten Schätze des Irak im Internet

Es ist immer noch unklar, was genau im Irak unter den Augen der amerikanischen Soldaten den Kunsträubern und Plünderern in die Hände fiel. Inzwischen ist eine erste Gruppe internationaler Experten zur Unterstützung der irakischen Museumskuratoren nach Bagdad gereist und ein Verbund von Institutionen versucht, eine Liste der geraubten Kulturgüter online zu stellen.


Der Artikel

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 12:18 EM
Literaturhinweis - "Anonym im Internet"

heute mal zur Abwechslung eine Weiterleitung des newsletters von q/depesche:


DE: Literaturhinweis - "Anonym im Internet" NEU!

Es gehört eigentlich nicht in unsere Tradition auf Literaturhinweise
einzugehen. Doch sind wir auf ein Heftchen im Tankstellenshop gestossen,
auf dass wir gerne aufmerksam machen möchten.

Anonym im Internet, von Andreas Janssen

56 Seiten, 30. April 2003, ISBN 87-90785-99-1

http://www.knowware.de/anonym_im_internet.htm

Um rund 4 Euro bekommt hilfreiche Literatur zum Thema

"Wie schütze ich beim Surfen meine Privatsphäre?"
"Wie bleibe ich so anonym wie möglich?"

Andreas Janssen ist Autor dieses kleines Heftchen aus dem KnowWare-Verlag
(www.KnowWare.de)

Mit leichtverständlichen Text und Bildern versucht der Autor eindrucksvoll
dem Laien zu erklären, wie nahe wir dem gläserenen Menschen bzw. Surfer
heute schon sind. Dass man nicht alles akzeptieren muss, überzeugt der
Inhalt des gesamten Werkes. (siehe follow up)

Besonders freut uns der Hinweis auf die Bigbrotherwards, die jährlich in
bald 14 Ländern vergeben wird.

Bigbrotherwards International siehe www.bigbrotherawards.org
Ein weiterer Pointer erging an die Kampagne "STOP1984.org"

"Guck mal wer da sammelt!"

Kurzum lesens und empfehlenswert. Am Ende dieser depesche haben wir sogar
einen Link zum Downloaden als pdf-file angeboten.

[d/quintessenz.org 2003]

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Inhalt
Verfolgungswahn?
Sicherheitsrisiko Nummer 1
Guck mal, wer da sammelt
1. Der Staat
Exkurs - Die Situation in Europa
Grossbritannien
Deutschland
Österreich
Ungarn
Niederlande
Polen
Schweiz
Exkurs: Und die USA?
2. Die Industrie
3. Hacker
4. Weitere Interessenten
IP-Adresse - was ist das?
Die Methoden der Sammler
Der gläserne Surfer
Was Browser verraten - und wie man sich schützt
1. Allgemein
2. Sicherheit
3. Inhalte
4. Verbindungen
5. Programme
6. Erweitert
Beispiel: Was dein Browser verrät
Betriebssystem
XP-Antispy
Wer verrät noch mehr?
Dein Provider
Was sagen Provider zum Datenschutz?
Was Dein Provider weiss ...
Internetdienste
Überwachung an der Arbeit
Und zu Hause?
Zusammenfassung
Rewebber und anonyme Proxies
Was ist ein Proxy?
Rewebber
Anonyme Proxies
Internet Explorer
Opera
Proxy-Tools
Sichere Email
Pretty Good Privacy
Gnu PG
JAP
Software, die deinen Rechner sicher macht
Scramdisk
Erstellung einer Scramdisk
Nutzung von Scramdisk
Weiteres zu Scramdisk
AdAware
Zukunftsmusik?
Palladium
TCPA
LI-XML
Big Brother Awards
Willkommen zu den deutschen BigBrotherAwards
Preisträger 2002 Deutschland
Preisträger 2002 - Österreich
Preisträger 2002 - Schweiz
Stop 1984
Fallbeispiel
URLs zu Programmen und anderen Seiten
Anonyme Proxies
JAP
Proxy-Tools
Rewebber
Sichere Email
GNU PG
Testseiten zum Überprüfen der Browser-Sicherheit
Weitere Sites zum Thema Sicherheit
Initiativen
Nachrichten zum Thema
Anhang - Unabhängigkeitserklärung des Cyberspace


Surftip:
Download als PDF-Datei

http://plus.knowware.de/anonym_im_internet_02-19.pdf

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relayed by Doser
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quintessenz is powered by http://www.ewave.at
subscribe/unsubscribe/digest
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comments to depesche@quintessenz.org

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 11:44 FM
Mai 09, 2003
"Hoffnungsträger" für den "Frieden zwischen Juden und Palästinensern"

www.telepolis.de

Michael Klarmann 08.05.2003
Aachener Friedenspreis ehrt Reuven Moskovitz und Nabila Espanioly

Wegen ihres "unermüdlichen Einsatzes für ein friedliches Zusammenleben der beiden tief verletzten Völker" ehrt der Aachener Friedenspreis Reuven Moskovitz (Jerusalem) und Nabila Espanioly (Nazareth). Der Vereinsvorstand teilte heute (8. Mai) mit, beide seien die diesjährigen internationalen Preisträger. Vereinsvorsitzender Gerhard Diefenbach nannte sie "Hoffnungsträger auf dem Weg zu Versöhnung und Frieden zwischen Juden und Palästinensern."

Der Artikel

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 09:44 FM
Uri Avnery: Der üble Wall

A.H.: Zur "Mauer" siehe auch weiter unten der Artikel von Starhawk, Next Year in Mas'Ha

------------------------------------------------
Dieser üble Wall ist nicht nur ein Instrument, um Palästinenser zu enteignen, nicht nur ein Terrorinstrument als Verteidigung gegen Terrorismus getarnt, nicht nur ein Instrument der Siedler, als Sicherheitsmaßnahme vorgetäuscht. Es ist vor allem ein Hindernis für Israel, ein Wall, der unsern Weg in eine Zukunft des Friedens, der Sicherheit und des Wohlstands blockiert.


Den Bruchteil einer Sekunde lang war ich von panischer Angst erfüllt.
Das schreckliche Monster, das auf mich zukam, war kaum mehr als fünf Meter von mir entfernt und bewegte sich auf mich zu, als ob ich nicht da wäre. Der riesige Bulldozer schob einen großen Haufen Erde und Geröll vor sich her. Der Fahrer, zwei Meter über mir, schien ein Teil dieser Maschine zu sein. Es war klar, nichts würde ihn aufhalten. Ich sprang im letzten Augenblick zur Seite.

Vor ein paar Wochen war die amerikanische Friedensaktivistin Rachel Corrie in einer ähnlichen Situation; sie erwartete, dass der Fahrer anhält. Er tat es nicht, und sie wurde zu Tode zermalmt.
Bei dieser Gelegenheit kam ich nicht zum Demonstrieren (wir werden dies heute tun), sondern um mich umzusehen. Im Olivenhain, ein paar Meter entfernt von den Zelten, die von den Dorfbewohnern von Mas’ha zusammen mit israelischen und internationalen Friedensaktivisten aufgebaut waren, bereiteten drei Ungeheuer den Boden für die „Trennungsmauer“ vor. Staubwolken wirbelten auf und ohrenbetäubender Lärm umgab uns, sodass wir kaum mit einander reden konnten. Sie arbeiteten jeden Tag, sogar über Pessach, zwölf Stunden am Tag ohne Unterbrechung.


Der Artikel

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 09:28 FM
Beneidet Abu-Mazen nicht!

Uri Avnery
www.uri-avnery.de

Im Heiligen Land haben sich schon Wunder ereignet. Aber vorläufig ist Abu-Mazen nicht zu beneiden.

Mein erster Eindruck von Abu-Mazen war der eines ernsten, methodischen, irgendwie zurückhaltend Introvertierten. Er erinnerte mich an einen Direktor eines Gymnasiums – sehr verschieden im Vergleich zu Arafat, dem impulsiv Extrovertierten, der zu persönlichen Gesten neigt, der auf alle in seiner Umgebung Wärme ausstrahlt.
Ich traf Abu-Mazen das erste Mal vor 21 Jahren. Wir waren geheim in Tunis, um Yassir Arafat zu treffen. Wir waren zu dritt: Matti Peled, ein General der Reserve, Ya’acov Arnon, ein früherer Generaldirektor des Finanzministeriums und ich. Wir trafen zunächst Abu-Mazen, um praktische Vorschläge für gemeinsame Aktionen vorzubereiten, und sie dann dem „Alten“, wie Arafat - damals 54 - genannt wurde, vorzulegen.

Der Artikel

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 09:22 FM
Next year in Mas¹Ha

By Starhawk

On the eve of Passover, after a month I spent in the occupied territories of Palestine working with the International Solidarity movment, a month that saw one of our people deliberately run over by a bulldozer driven by an Israeli soldier, and two young men deliberately shot, one in the face, one in the head, I found myself unable to face the prospect of a Seder, even with my friends in the Israeli peace movement. I couldn¹t sit and bewail our ancient slavery or celebrate our journey to the promised land. I was afraid that I might spew bitterness and salt all over any Seder table I graced, and smash something.
So I went to the peace encampment at Mas ŒHa. Mas¹Ha needed people, and the moon was full, and I thought I could just lay down on the land under the moonlight and let some of the bitterness drain away.

Mas¹Ha is a village on the line of the new so-called Œsecurity wall¹, where a peace camp has been set up at the request of the local people, mostly farmers who are faced with the confiscation of ninety-eight per cent of their land.
Mas¹Ha, on one of the main roads into Israel proper, once had a thriving trade, until the Israelis closed the road. The farmers grow olives and figs and grapes and wheat‹but now the land has been confiscated for the building of the wall, with no compensation offered. In places the wall is a thirty-foot high concrete barrier, complete with guard towers. Elsewhere it is an electrified fence in deep ditch surrounded by a swathe of bare, scraped ground, flanked by roads to be continually patrolled by soldiers. It will soon separate the village from the neighboring settlement of Elcanah, with which it has always had peaceful relations. No armed resistance, no suicide bombers, have ever come from Mas¹Ha.
Faced with this prospect, given only a few short weeks notice, the village council came to an amazing conclusion. With every reason to hate Israelis, they decided to invite Israelis in, in company with internationals from the International Women¹s Peace Service and the International Solidarity Movement. We set up an encampment on the edge of the bulldozers¹ route, to witness and document the destruction.

To be at Mas¹Ha is to be on the absolute edge of the conflict. The road block that separates the village from the settlement is the divide between two realities. I got to Elcanah from Tel Aviv on the settlers¹ bus, full of elderly women who could have been my aunts and old men that could have been my uncles and a few young people, everyone wishing each other Hag Sameach-Œhappy holiday¹, for Passover or, in Hebrew, Pesach. We drove through one settlement to let people off and I got a tour of what looks like a transplanted Southern California suburb, complete with lush gardens and new houses, all with an aura of prosperity and complacent security-provided by armed guards and razor wire and the Israeli military. The landscaping featured olive trees in the street dividers‹I suspected they had been transplanted from some farmer¹s stolen fields--the Palestinians¹ livelihood turned into a decorative element of the settlements. From Elcanah, I walked down the road a few hundred yards and climbed over the road block bulldozed to keep Palestinians out of Israel. I was in a dusty village of old stone and new cement houses and shuttered shops, backing onto open hillsides of ancient olives.

The camp at Mas¹Ha is on a knoll, two pink tents set up in an olive grove on stony ground studded with wildflowers, yellow broom, and prickly pear. The olives give shade and sometimes a backrest. If you look in one direction, the groves are spread out below the hilltop for miles of a soft gray green with blue hills in the back ground and small villages beyond, But encircling the hill, and cutting a gray swath across the hillsides, is the zone of destruction, a wide band of uprooted trees and bare subsoil, where a giant backhoe is wallowing like some giant, prehistoric beast, grabbing and crushing stones, gouging the earth, filling the air with dust and the mechanical bellowing of its engines.
A young man is sitting under a tree as I arive, writing on stones with a black marker. He¹s a farmer, he tells me. In Arabic, he writes, "Don¹t cut the trees." He thinks for a moment, and adds another graceful line. I ask him to translate. He gives me a sweet smile, and points to the ground. "What is this?" "Earth?" I ask, not meaning if he means earth or land or soil. "The earth speaks Arabic," he tells me.
All the Israelis but one have gone, to celebrate Pesach with their families. There are only two of us from the ISM and one woman from IWPS who stay over, along with two of the Palestinians, to guard the camp.

As the full moon rises, I lie on the stones and meditate. I am hoping to find some peace or healing, but the earth is tortured here and all I can feel is her anguish. Down and down, through layers and centuries and epochs, I hear the ancestors weeping. The land is soaked in blood, and generations have faced ruthless powers and been cut down, and why should we be any different?
I am woken up at three AM to take my shift on watch. I sit by the fire, exhausted, and finally drift back into sleep, waking again in the morning feeling sick at heart.
But people begin to arrive, for a middday meeting. The women from the IWPS, and the men from the village, and dozens of Israelis. We sit under the tent with its sides raised, talking about building an international campaign against the wall. One of the men, a stonemason, makes miniature buildings out of the stones at our feet as we talk. "Maybe we can¹t stop it here," one man from the village says,"but maybe we can stop it other places."

The Israelis who come are mostly young. They are anarchists and punks and lesbians and wild-haired students, and it strikes me that the mayor of Mas¹Ha and the village leaders in a very socially conservative society might actually have more in common with the Orthodox Jews who hate them than with these wild, social rebels. But the village accepts them all with good grace and a warm-hearted Palestinian welcome. One woman is from the group "Black Laundry", which requires a somewhat complicated three-way translation of a Hebrew play on words. She explains that it is a lesbian direct action group, and asks our translator if that¹s a problem. "Not for me," he says with a slightly quizzical shrug, and the meeting goes on.
Later we meet with the village women, who want to know if we can help them in any way. They are about to lose their source of livelihood‹is there anything we can do? We have a long discussion about what we do in the ISM, and promise to research organizations that do community development work. They are excited to learn that we watch checkpoints and help people get through them. Students from the village who go to the university often get stopped at the checkpoints, or have to walk round through the mountains. Maybe we can help them.

Back at the camp, all the young shabob-the term for young, unmarried men--have come out for the evening. We sit around the fire while two of the men prepare us dinner, laughing and talking. And suddenly I realize something wonderful is happening. The Israelis and the Palestinians can talk to each other, because most of the young men speak Hebrew. They are hanging out around the fire and talking and telling stories, laughing and relaxing together. They are hanging out just like any group of young people around a fire at night, as if they weren¹t bitter enemies, as if it could really be this simple to live together in peace.

So it was a strange Seder this year, pita instead of Matzoh, the eggs scrambled with tomato, hummous instead of chicken soup, water instead of wine, and instead of the maror, the bitter herbs which I have already tasted, a slight sweet hint of hope.
I can¹t ever again say "next year in Jerusalem." I can no longer believe in the promise of a land which requires the building of concrete walls and guard towers and ongoing murder to defend it. Far better that we should abandon the old stones of Jerusalem than to practice torture in older to claim it.

But I would like to believe in the promise of Mas¹Ha, in the example of a people who, faced with utter destruction of everything they need and hold dear, opened their hearts to the children of the enemy and asked for help. I would like to believe in the Israel reflected in the eyes of those who answer that call. That somehow, on this chasm between the conquerors and those who resist being finally conquered, the bridges and connections and meetings are happening that can tear down the walls of separation.

By next year, the camp at Mas¹Ha will most likely be gone. Already the contractors who work for the Israeli military have begun blasting a chasm that will soon cut the olive groves off from the village. An international campaign to stop the building of the wall has begun‹but the reality is that they have the capacity to build it faster than we can organize to stop it.
And yet I say it again, as an act of pure faith:

Next year in Mas¹Ha.

An International Day of Action in support of justice for Palestine is being called for June 5, 2003, the 36th anniversary of the occupation. For information, see
http://www.peacejusticestudies.org/palestine.php .

For a map of the wall, see:
http://www.gush-shalom.org/thewall/index.html


www.starhawk.org
Starhawk is an activist, organizer, and author of Webs of Power: Notes from the Global Uprising and eight other books on feminism, politics and earth-based spirituality. She works with the RANT trainer¹s collective, www.rantcollective.org that offers training and support for mobilizations around global justice and peace issues. She spent March and April in Palestine with the International Solidarity Movement www.palsolidarity.org, which offers support for nonviolent resistance and protects the human rights of Palestinian civilians.

*** NOTICE: In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.***

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 09:16 FM
Mai 08, 2003
"Die Sackgasse der Demokratie"

www.memri.de
Middle East Media Research Institute

MEMRI Special Dispatch - 06. Mai 2003
Die iranische Zeitung Resalat über Religiosität im Mittleren Osten nach dem
Irakkrieg

In einem Kommentar der konservativen iranischen Zeitung Resalat über die
Auswirkungen des Krieges im Irak kritisiert der Autor Mahmud Farshidi
Versuche, der islamischen Welt das westliche Demokratiemodell aufzuzwingen:
Gegen die Demokratie spreche bereits die Tatsache, dass sich die
kriegführenden Staaten auf diese berufen hätten. Außerdem, so hofft
Farshidi, werde der Krieg gegen den Irak die Bevölkerung in der Region zur
Rückkehr zum Islam bewegen.
Der Artikel erschien am 24. April 2003:

"Die Sackgasse der Demokratie"

"Historiker gehen davon aus, dass Gewaltanwendung und Militarismus Zeichen
des Verfalls einer Regierung und einer Zivilisation sind, die in ihrer
Verzweiflung keine andere Option [als den Griff zur Gewalt] sehen. Im Rahmen
eines solchen historischen Prinzips lässt sich auch der militärische Angriff
der Führer der Demokratie gegen die irakische Bevölkerung betrachten. Denn
wie die Ausführungen der amerikanischen Politiker während des Krieges
bezeugen, ist dieser Angriff kein Einzelbeispiel für die Unvernunft des
amerikanischen Präsidenten. Dieser Angriff wurde nach einem zehn Jahre alten
Plan geführt und man kann davon ausgehen, dass die Eroberung islamischer
Staaten sich nicht auf den Irak beschränken wird. Die Eroberung
Afghanistans, die Drohungen gegen Syrien, die Hinweise amerikanischer
Stellen bezüglich der Dauer des Krieges gegen den so genannten Terrorismus
sowie die Aussagen Bushs zu Beginn der neuen Kreuzzüge bestätigen, dass es
einen langfristigen Plan der Bannerträger der Demokratie zur Eroberung der
islamischen Staaten gibt.


Die unterschiedlichen Positionen zwischen einigen Demokratien wie
Frankreich, Deutschland oder Russland auf der einen und den USA auf der
anderen Seite sind mehr auf Interessenswidersprüche als auf demokratische
Prinzipien zurückzuführen. Vielmehr legt die Tatsache, dass die
demokratischen Meinungsführer [der westlichen Welt] auch nicht gegen die
militärische Aggression gegen den Irak argumentieren, nahe, dass diese eine
Folge der Demokratie selbst ist.

Schließlich beruht die Weltwirtschaftsordnung auf der Eroberung des Kapitals
der armen durch die reichen Länder. Aber die Bemühungen, die armen Staaten
zu einseitigen Geschäftsbeziehungen zu zwingen, werden täglich schwieriger.
Seit dem Erwachen der Weltbevölkerung - insbesondere in der islamischen
Welt - sind die Menschen immer weniger bereit, ihr nationales Kapital für
den Energiebedarf von Autos der in der Weltordnung über ihnen rangierenden
Staaten zur Verfügung zu stellen. Nachdem es die Hegemonialkräfte lange Zeit
geschafft haben, der Dritten Welt unter dem Deckmantel von Demokratie und
mit Parolen über Freiheit, Menschenrechte, Wahlen oder Frauenemanzipation
das Kapital zu rauben, erkennt die Weltbevölkerung nun die versteckten Ziele
dieser Herolde der Demokratie.

Die Weltbevölkerung will die Herrschaft des Volkes nach eigenen
Glaubensvorstellungen und gemäß der eigenen Kultur errichten. Sie ist zu dem
Schluss gekommen, dass die liberale Demokratie die größte Hoffnung der
Menschheit, nämlich "Gerechtigkeit", nicht nur nicht verwirklicht, sondern
längst einen entgegengesetzten Weg eingeschlagen hat: Die Botschaft der
liberalen Demokratie ist die Vertiefung der Kluft zwischen der Klasse der
Armen und den Reichen.

So verzweifelte die Menschheit an den Göttern der liberalen Demokratie und
sucht nun nach einem Weg zu einer gerechten Volksherrschaft in der eigenen
Gesellschaft. Gedemütigt von den Herrschern der Welt, richten sie ihren
Blick gen Himmel und auf sich selbst. Tagtäglich fühlen sich die Menschen so
mehr zur Religion hingezogen, sie lernen gewissenhafte Persönlichkeiten
[religiöse Führer] schätzen und deren Basis in der Gesellschaft wächst. Auch
die Tatsache, dass die falschen religiösen Rezepte der Taliban und von
al-Qaida von den Anführern der herrschenden Mächte geschrieben worden sind,
lässt die Menschen wellenartig zu ihren [richtigen] religiösen Ansichten
zurückfinden und belegt zudem die Angst der Herrschenden vor dem Anwachsen
dieser Bewegung.

Die Demokratie hat so letztlich dazu geführt, dass der Name eines jeden, der
sich nicht zum Mekka des Weißen Hauses wendet, in die schwarze Liste der
Terroristen aufgenommen wird. Die Herrschenden glauben, die nach
Gerechtigkeit strebenden Bewegungen mit Repression, Mord und Verbrechen
unterdrücken und ihre Unterstützer zur Verzweiflung treiben zu können - aber
je mehr sie den Druck erhöhen, umso stärker wächst die religiöse Bewegung.

Nach dem iranischen war es das libanesische Volk, welches als erstes
erkannte, dass nur die Religion Identität und Unabhängigkeit des Landes
schützen könne. Um Ruhe und Sicherheit zu finden, musste die Hisbollah das
Volk vor Israel schützen. Der Erfolg der Libanesen hat den Palästinensern
den Weg des Friedens vor Augen geführt: In der Intifada hat die religiöse
Bewegung inzwischen die Handlungsmöglichkeiten der Israelis so eingeengt,
dass Israel Amerika um Schutz bittet. Und die Welt ist Zeuge, dass sich
derzeit auch die unterdrückte irakische Bevölkerung der Religion zuwendet,
um sich von den Aggressoren zu befreien. Die irakische Bevölkerung sucht die
Verteidigung ihrer Identität, ihrer Unabhängigkeit und ihrer Existenz im
Islam.

Der Angriff der USA gegen ein islamisches Land hat die Religiosität in der
gesamten Region gestärkt. Selbst nicht-religiöse Regierungen täuschen nun
Religiosität und Harmonie mit der Bevölkerung vor. Die Anführer der
Demokratie haben den islamischen Ländern mit ihrer Gewaltherrschaft die
Sackgasse der Demokratie deutlich vor Augen geführt - eine Sackgasse, die
dazu führen wird, dass sich die islamischen Völker an den positiven
Erfahrungen, die sie mit der religiösen Volksherrschaft gemacht haben,
orientieren werden."

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 09:57 FM
Harbingers of Change in the Antisemitic Discourse in the Arab World

www.memri.de

MEMRI Inquiry and Analysis - 07. Mai 2003
By Yigal Carmon*

In the past, manifestations of antisemitism in the Arab world aroused no
domestic criticism to speak of. Moreover, Western criticism of antisemitism
only increased antisemitic statements in the Arab press, and sparked no
rethinking. For example, the February 1998 conviction of French Holocaust
denier Roger Garaudy and the March 2000 conviction of British Holocaust
denier David Irving enraged the Arab world and brought about increased
Holocaust denial in the Arab world, along with greater insistence that Jews
had cast their hegemony on the entire world.(1)

In the past two years, however, the Arab media has reflected significant
criticism of, and reservations regarding, manifestations of antisemitism in
the Arab world. The following are noteworthy examples of this kind of
reaction in the Arab media, and a discussion of their causes and
characteristics.

I. Calls to Cancel the Beirut Holocaust Deniers' Conference

An international conference of Holocaust deniers had been planned for late
March 2001, in Beirut. Organizing the conference were the Los Angeles-based
Institute for Historical Review and the Swiss organization Verité et
Justice. Arab intellectuals opposed to the conference called for canceling
it. A communiqué issued by 14 well-known Arab intellectuals read in part:
"Arab intellectuals are outraged by this antisemitic undertaking.

We wish to warn Lebanese and Arab public opinion about this and call on
Lebanese authorities to ban this inadmissible conference."(2)

The communiqué was signed by the Lebanese poet Adonis, the Palestinian poet
Mahmoud Darwish, the Algerian historian Muhammad Harabi, Algerian author
Jamal Al-Din ibn Sheikh, Moroccan author Muhammad Baradeh, and the Lebanese
authors Dominic Awdeh, Elias Khouri, Gerard Khouri, and Salah Sathithiyyeh,
as well as Syrian authors Fayez Mallas and Farouq Mardam-Bey, Palestinian
authors Khalda Said and Elias Sanbar, and Palestinian-American academic
Edward Said.(3)

In an article titled "The Protocols of the Elders of Beirut," columnist
Joseph Samaha wrote in the Arabic-language London daily Al-Hayat: "Holding
the conference in Beirut brings no honor to the Lebanese capital. Perhaps
its conceptual, political, and economic damage are inestimably greater than
its benefit, which from the outset was nearly nonexistent. The conference
will convene forgers of history who have stood trial in their own countries.
This is, in effect, a conference against the truth... This is a conference
against consciousness..."

"The conference defends the Nazi hangman and his crime against the Jews and
others, in the name of the Palestinian and Arab victim. This is a
Western-Western settling of accounts, in which the Palestinian problem plays
a role of false witness..."

"Precision in all things regarding the Zionist use of the Holocaust is
vital. Important opinions on this matter are held by people who refuse to
attach their name to the name of [French Holocaust denier Robert] Faurisson
and his ilk... Lebanon has too many fakes, and it does not need The
Protocols of the Elders of Beirut."(4)

Also writing in Al-Hayat was columnist Abd Al-Wahhab Badrikhan, who focused
not on Holocaust denial per se but on the damage the conference would do to
Lebanon's image: "Some Arab intellectuals have condemned, and rightly so,
the dubious call to convene a conference in Beirut with the aim of casting
doubt upon the Jewish Holocaust [carried out] by the Nazis... While this
conference will make no impression on the issue of the Holocaust, the damage
caused to Lebanon will be certain. Lebanon aspires today to tackle its
economic crisis, and for this it needs international economic institutions.
Thus, this clandestine conference, which may be no more than a political
move or Internet maneuver, will thwart Lebanese efforts, even if it can be
assumed that this is not one of the goals that fill the heads of the
anonymous participants..."(5)

In early March 2001, the U.S. State Department asked the Lebanese government
to cancel the conference. Initially, the Lebanese government denied all
knowledge of the upcoming conference, but following increased American
pressure, on March 23, Lebanese Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri announced its
cancellation.(6)

II. Saudi Editor Apologizes for Publishing Blood Libel

In March 2002, the Saudi government daily Al-Riyadh published a blood libel
authored by Dr. Umayma Ahmad Al-Jalahma of King Faysal University in
Al-Dammam, Saudi Arabia, that included a graphic description of how Jews
supposedly murdered non-Jewish youths to obtain blood for pastries for the
Purim holiday.(7) The article, which appeared in translation in the Western
media, was harshly criticized in the U.S. Following condemnation by
Congress, the U.S. State Department, and even President Bush himself, the
newspaper's editor, Turki Al-Sudeiri, a member of the Saudi royal family,
published an apology for the article and fired its author.(8) In his
apology, Al-Sudeiri wrote: "I checked the article and found it not fit for
publication because it was not based on scientific or historical facts, and
it even contradicted the rituals of all the known religions in the world,
including Hinduism and Buddhism."

"The information included in the article was no different from the nonsense
always coming out in the 'yellow literature,' whose reliability is
questionable. The understanding of this serious mistake escaped Ms.
Al-Jalahma, as did the understanding that Jews everywhere in the world are
one thing, while Jews belonging to the Zionist movement that acts to
annihilate the Palestinians are something else, and completely different. In
Israel itself there are moderate Jews such as Yisrael Shahak, who fought
Zionist racism and exposed it in many of his studies. There are others like
Shahak, and our dispute with phenomena such as Sharon must in no way cause
us to generalize the emotions of hatred to all Jews. Furthermore, in
principle, an idiotic and false news item regarding the use of human blood
in the food of other human beings, whoever they may be, should not be
published, since this does not exist in the world at all..."(9)

III. Criticism of Antisemitic Series on Egyptian Television

During the month of Ramadan (November-December) 2002, Egyptian and other
television stations across the Arab world aired a 41-part Egyptian-produced
television series called "Horseman Without a Horse" based on the notorious
forgery The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.(10) The broadcast of the series
sparked an internal debate in the Arab media, due particularly to the
publicity the series received in the West. Most of those contributing to the
debate praised the series' producer for his "national" work of art. Yet as
more episodes were screened, Western pressure increased. The pressure
included a request from the U.S. State Department to the Egyptian government
to stop the series from being aired. As the pressure rose, more and more
Arab intellectuals condemned the series' use of the Protocols and stated
that they were a forgery.

The Egyptian Organization for Human Rights condemned the broadcasts, saying
that while freedom of expression and artistic freedom must be protected,
these freedoms must not be exploited "to propagate events that might incite
hatred based on religion, race, color, or gender." The organization stressed
that most historians had made it clear that the Protocols were a fake, and
demanded that the Arab television networks airing the series note this fact
to the viewers, thus "respecting the Arab citizen's right to receive the
correct information."(11) Organization secretary-general Hafez Abu Sa'adeh
told The Associated Press: "Supporting the Palestinian cause doesn't need
forged Protocols. What is happening on the ground [in the Palestinian
territories] is more reprehensible than anything else."(12)

The secretary-general of the Palestinian Information Ministry, Ahmad
Dahbour, wrote: "...The Protocols of the Elders of Zion are a stupid
pamphlet full of nonsense, that depicts an international conference of the
[forces of] evil, led by yellow-faced people capable of grasping the world
in their hands... like a boiled egg and squashing it. The conflict with the
Zionist enterprise is graver and more dangerous than these nonsensical
words. If we do not present Zionism as it is - a nationalistic, racist
European movement that emerged at the periphery of the old colonialism and
imperialism - we will make ourselves easy prey..."(13)

Writing in Al-Hayat's movie column, Ibrahim Al-Arabi opposed the airing of
the series: "...By means of the series, the art of Arab television managed
to place itself at the heart of a lengthy debate, going back over 150 years,
about the book, which today is known with certainty to be a 'fabrication' by
the Russian Czar's secret police aimed at justifying attacks on the Russian
Jews. This book always served fascist, racist, and antisemitic regimes, for
stepping up persecution of the Jews - with a more disastrous result for the
Arabs than for the Jews.(14)

The Egyptian government officials' argument that they could not stop the
program from being aired because Egypt guaranteed freedom of expression was
also rejected by the Arab intellectuals.(15)

Following pressure levied from different directions, Egyptian Television
decided to replace the original opening sequence declaring, "Some of the
events [depicted here] are real, and some are imaginary; some have already
taken place, and some will take place in the future," with one that, while
it did not completely rule out the possibility that the Protocols were
authentic, clarified that the series "is not aimed at proving the
authenticity of the so-called Protocols of the Elders of Zion, which have
not been historically proven to be correct..."(16) Furthermore, the
foreword in a new edition of The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, published
in Egypt in July 2002 following great viewer interest in the series, refers
to the possibility that the Protocols are a forgery. The foreword explains
the view that the Protocols are a secret Jewish plan to take over the world,
but also sets out "a different approach, found particularly in the West and
among Jewish intellectuals," that!
"the Protocols are an example of racist literature and hate
literature."(17)

American congressmen's harsh reactions to the series led to an Egyptian
response on the highest diplomatic level. In December 2002, President
Mubarak's political advisor Osama Al-Baz published a series of articles in
the Egyptian government daily Al-Ahram(18) in which he offered an extensive
analysis of antisemitism, debunked some of the most notorious antisemitic
myths, particularly the Protocols, the blood libel, and Holocaust denial,
and stated that antisemitism originated in Europe and not in the Arab or
Muslim world.(19)

"With regard to the false Protocols," Al-Baz explains in his analysis,
"there is a great deal of proof and evidence showing that these Protocols
are forged." He sets out in detail historical research findings regarding
their origin, and states: "Anyone who looks through these Protocols
carefully will easily find two important facts: First, most of the topics to
which the Protocols refer are completely Russian... which shows that the
author of the false documents was Russian in his concepts and interest, and
that he expressed the opinion of the Russian ruling class during the last
years of its rule. Second, the Protocols make the Jews simultaneously
responsible for something and for its opposite. They are responsible for
good and evil, for revolution and counterrevolution, for capitalism and
communism..."

"In addition," he continues, "it should be taken into account that Hitler
used these false Protocols to incite the German people against the Jews, and
to claim that they are conspiring against it, destroying the German economy,
and acting to bring down the foundations of the state by conspiring with
foreign elements because they are disloyal to the state in which they live.
All this [he did] so as to attain his goal, which was essentially to purge
Germany and the countries it conquered of Jews. This caused the physical
destruction of many of Europe's Jews."

"With regard to the story of the matza [mixed with] blood, which is used by
many to this very day," Al-Baz states, "it began with accusing the Jews of
customarily murdering a Christian, preferably a child, during Easter in
order to mock the Messiah on the holiday marking His crucifixion... This
accusation spread every time a Christian child disappeared. It was enough
for someone to say they saw the child near the Jewish neighborhood for some
of the Jews in the neighborhood to be accused of murdering the boy, and
taking his blood to be offered as a sacrifice or for [medical] treatment.
The punishment for this charge was usually extremely cruel, and usually led
to the hanging of the accused." Al-Baz added, "No one said that an incident
of this kind took place in a Muslim country, except for the case that it is
claimed happened in Damascus in 1840... but no one can present sufficient
evidence to prove it..."(20)

Al-Baz also specifically mentions some anti-Jewish slogans of Muslim origin,
and says that their use is wrong. "It is not in the interests of the
Palestinian cause and the Palestinian people that some among us repeat
slogans that threaten Jews, such as 'Khybar, Khybar, Yah Yahud, jaysh
Muhammad saya'ud (Khybar, Oh Jews, Muhammad's army will return).'(21) The
army of Islam during the time of the Messenger, and during the time of the
righteous Caliphs, [and the rulers] who came after them, did not threaten
the Jews and did not frighten peaceful people; rather, it responded to
aggression, prevented damage [to Islam], and defended the Muslim land and
their rights... Our religion prohibits us from aggression and injustice, and
teaches us to live in brotherhood with others as long as they desire the
same..."

"Each one of us [Arabs] must know that when he harms the Jews collectively
as a race or as a people - and thus presents himself as one who expresses
inhuman racist approaches that are outmoded - he harms the interests of his
nation."

In his articles, Al-Baz also differentiated between criticism of Israel and
antisemitism, and states, "Anyone who criticizes Israel does not need
antisemitic claims to reveal the damage necessarily caused by its
policy..."(22)

In his recommendations to the Arab side on how to improve relations with
Israel and the Jews, Al-Baz emphasized that "the mistake is to say that all
the Jews are evil or good, and that by belonging to the Jewish religion they
are implicitly guilty of certain faults or necessarily must behave
differently than others." Similarly, Al-Baz explains that the Arabs must
distinguish between Jews and Zionists, and realize that not every Jew is a
Zionist or Israeli and that there is disagreement even among Israelis, and
not all are extremists.

He called on the Arabs to stop interpreting matters relating to the Jews in
terms of conspiracy, to stop expressing sympathy for Hitler and Nazism, and
not to use the symbol of the Star of David in drawings and cartoons critical
of Israeli policy and officials. This, he says, is because Israel is very
sensitive about this symbol, "which arouses in the Jews painful memories [of
the yellow patch of the Nazi era] and symbolizes the height of repression,
terror, and racism."(23)

Al-Baz also objects to the use of the common anti-Jewish slur "apes and
pigs," saying, "We must not make improper use of the Koran by describing the
Jews as the sons of apes and pigs, as it is clear that the words of the
Koran on the matter of this metamorphosis do not mean that all the Children
of Israel or the Jews were punished with this punishment... Similarly, we do
not know for certain whether the transformation was physical or used as a
metaphor and an image..."(24)

IV. A New Recommendation by Al-Azhar: Stop Calling Jews 'Apes and Pigs'

In March 2003, Al-Azhar University's Institute for Islamic Research issued a
recommendation not to describe contemporary Jews as "apes and pigs." The
meeting during which the recommendation was drafted was headed by Sunni
Islam's highest-ranking cleric, the sheikh of Al-Azhar, Muhammad Sayyed
Tantawi.

Calling Jews "apes and pigs" is very common in the antisemitic discourse of
the Arab world, particularly in Islamist circles. For the most part, the
term is used as a synonym for Jews, or in strings of epithets originating in
the Koran and Muslim tradition regarding Jews.(25) Sheikh Tantawi himself,
in an April 2002 sermon, called Jews "the enemies of Allah, the sons of apes
and pigs."(26)

According to reports on Al-Bawaba(27) and in Al-Watan,(28) Al-Azhar's
discussion on calling Jews "apes and pigs" followed a request to the Islamic
Research Institute from the Egyptian Foreign Ministry to examine the matter.
This request came after the Egyptian Embassy in Washington D.C. reported
that there was anger in American society over Muslim preachers and clerics
calling Jews these names.

Also, as noted above, three months before, Osama Al-Baz criticized calling
Jews "apes and pigs" in his series of articles in Al-Ahram.

Conclusion

Over the last two years, there has been a change in the attitude of some
shapers of Arab public opinion towards antisemitic statements. This change
may reflect the impact of translating material from the Arab media into
Western languages. This exposure of the material in the Western media, and
the resulting criticism in the West, particularly the U.S., in the media,
government, and Congress, induces shapers of Arab public opinion to back
down from their antisemitic stances - or at least to refrain from making
antisemitic statements.

It also appears that the increase in antisemitic propaganda in the Arab
media since the beginning of the Al-Aqsa Intifada two and a half years ago
has led some Arab intellectuals to rethink the matter and reject antisemitic
statements. Some have expressed total objection to antisemitic ideas,
explaining that they are based on false accusations of the Jews. Others
reject antisemitic propaganda out of practical considerations, realizing
that being perceived as antisemitic and, even more, as propagating
antisemitism harms both the Arab image and Arab chances of gaining positive
international public opinion.

It is still too early to say whether this is an ongoing and consistent trend
among some Arab intellectuals or merely passing statements, and whether
these critical stances will change the nature of the anti-Jewish discourse
in the Arab world. However, the number of those criticizing antisemitism in
the Arab world is still relatively small, and most are unwilling to rethink
and reject Arab antisemitism.

The most significant example of such entrenchment is that of the editor of
the Egyptian government daily Al-Ahram, Ibrahim Nafi', who published a blood
libel in his newspaper.(29) When that issue of the paper was distributed in
France, the French Jewish organization LICRA(30) read a translation of the
article and subsequently filed a complaint, which led to a criminal
investigation of Nafi' for incitement to antisemitism.

When Nafi' launched a campaign in support of his right to publish such
material, Arab and European intellectuals rushed to his aid. Since the
August 2002 announcement that Nafi' was to be subpoenaed in Paris, his
newspaper, Al-Ahram, has been inundated with declarations of support from
Egyptian and Arab public figures and organizations. Various organizations
such as the Arab Lawyers' Association in Britain have expressed willingness
to help with his legal defense, while clerics, politicians, diplomats,
newspaper editors, journalists, jurists, intellectuals, businessmen,
financiers, and many Arab organizations published statements of solidarity.

Among these are (according to Arab media sources): top clerics such as the
Sheikh of Al-Azhar, Muhammed Sayyed Tantawi and Egyptian Coptic Patriarchal
Aide Father Yohanna Qalta; politicians and representatives such as Egyptian
State Council Chairman Abd Al-Rahman Azouz, Chairman of the Egyptian
People's Assembly Ahmad Fathi Sroor, Chairman of the Egyptian Shura Council
Mustafa Kamal Hilmi, Arab League Secretary-General Amr Moussa, and Jordanian
Ambassador to Cairo Hani Al-Mullqi; jurists such as the attorney for French
Holocaust denier Roger Garaudy Dr. 'Ali Al-Ghatit and Arab Lawyers
Association Chairman Sameh 'Ashur; journalists such as editors of the
Egyptian opposition papers Al-Wafd, Al-Ahali, Al-Midan, Al-Usbu, Al-Arabi
and Al-Zaman and the Palestinian Journalists Association; businessmen and
financiers such as the chairman of the Union of Chambers of Commerce,
Industry, and Agriculture in the Arab Countries Khaled Abu Isma'il, Egyptian
Businessmen's Association Chairm!
an Jamal Al-Nader, and Egyptian Bankers Union chairman Bahaa Al-Din Hilmi;
Arab organizations and associations and their members such as Arab
Pharmaceutical Industries Association, Egyptian Physicians' Association
Chairman Dr. Hamdi Al-Sayyid, the Egyptian Organization for Human Rights,
and Arab Artists' Association Chairman Dr. Fawzi Fahmi; and foreign
functionaries and organizations such as Union of Journalists in Finland
President Tekka Laine [sic], French international law professors and lawyers
[no details mentioned] and Rabbi Yaakov Koenig, leader of the world Jewish
group Neturei Karta.(31)

*Yigal Carmon is President of MEMRI.

Endnotes:
(1) Events such as Jorg Heider's run for the Austrian premiership in October
1999 and the Stockholm International Forum on the Holocaust in January 2000
also brought about an increase in expressions of antisemitism in the Arab
media.
(2) AFP (France), March 15, 2001.
(3) Le Monde (France), March 16, 2001. The intellectuals who signed the
communiqué were accused of unconditionally accepting the Zionist narrative
and of pressuring Arab leaders to endorse their approach, while disregarding
the negative ramifications of their deeds, such as damage to freedom of
expression. These attacks motivated Edward Said to withdraw his support of
the communiqué. On April 2 2001, he explained that he had added his
signature to the communiqué "on condition that no request would be directed
at any government to ban the conference," while the Lebanese government was
in fact asked to ban it. Three months later, Mahmoud Darwish said that the
cancellation of the conference was "a violation of human rights and a blow
to the revisionist historians' right to scientific research." See
http://www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/asw2001-2/arab.htm.
(4) Al-Hayat (London), March 13, 2001.
(5) Al-Hayat (London), March 19, 2001.
(6) The intellectuals' communiqué and the conference's cancellation were
sharply criticized by other Arab intellectuals, and engendered an initiative
to hold an alternative conference. On May 13, 2001, some 200 Arab
journalists and members of associations opposed to normalization with Israel
met in Amman, Jordan, to discuss the conference's cancellation. The two main
spokesmen at this conference were Hayat 'Attiyeh, a Lebanese journalist
residing in Amman, and Jordanian journalist 'Arafat Hajazi; the two focused
on comparing Zionism with Nazism and denying the Holocaust. See
http://www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/asw2001-2/arab.htm.
(7) See MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 354,
http://www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page+subjects&Area=antisemitism&ID=SP3
5402#_ednl.
(8) See MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 357,
http://www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=subjects&Area=antisemitism&ID=SP3
570. While Dr. Al-Jalahma was dismissed by Al-Riyadh, she continued
voicing similar views, stating at the Arab League's Zayed Center for
Coordination and Follow-Up on April 9, 2003 that the war in Iraq was timed
to coincide with the start of Purim; see MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 494,
http://www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=subjects&Area=antisemitism&ID=SP4
940. Dr. Al-Jalahma now writes for Al-Watan, another Saudi daily.
(9) Al-Riyadh (Saudi Arabia), March 19, 2002.
http://server1.alriyadh.com.sa/leqa/leqa.asp.
(10) See MEMRI streaming video of segments of series,
http://www.memri.org/video/index.html.
(11) Al-Quds (Palestinian Authority), November 19, 2002.
(12) The Jerusalem Post (Israel), November 19, 2002.
(13) Al-Hayat Al-Jadida (Palestinian Authority), November 14, 2002.
(14) Al-Hayat (London), November 1, 2002.
(15) See for example Daoud Shiryan, Saudi columnist for the London
Arabic-language daily Al-Hayat, on November 6, 2002, and Egyptian
intellectual Mamoun Fendi, who lives in the U.S., in the London
Arabic-language daily Al-Sharq Al-Awsat, on November 11, 2002. It should be
noted that at the same time Egyptian government elements were claiming that
they could not censor the series, they did intervene regarding television
broadcasts about heir apparent Jamal Mubarak, son of President Mubarak.
(16) Al-Watan (Qatar), November 29, 2002.
(17) Following the explanations of these two approaches is a note by author
Hassin Abd Al-Wahad, who says that "Zionism and the Jews themselves bear the
responsibility for the validation of the authenticity of the Protocols"
because of "Israel's crimes against the Palestinian people and the Arabs"
and because of "the Jews' certain control of the U.S." He expresses his
surprise that although the Jews deny that the Protocols are authentic, all
world developments and events are in line with what the Protocols say. See
The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, Akhbar Al-Yaum Press, July 2002, pp.
5-15.
(18) Al-Ahram (Egypt), December 23, 24, and 25, 2002. See MEMRI Special
Dispatch No. 454,
http://www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=subjects&Area=antisemitism&ID=sp4
540.
(19) Nonetheless, a few months after Al-Baz's articles appeared, Egyptian
diplomat Alaa Roushdy defended his country's broadcast of the series at a
U.N. Human Rights Commission meeting in Geneva, saying, "We know that the
Protocols are based on historic truth." See Weisenthal Center Report, March
25, 2003, www.wiesenthal.com/social/press/pr_print.cfm?ItemID=7378.
(20) For more on the Damascus blood libel, see MEMRI Inquiry and Analysis
No. 99 on the book by Syrian Defense Minister Mustafa Tlass.
http://www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=subjects&Area=antisemitism&ID=IA9
902.
(21) Khyber was the wealthiest and most powerful Jewish town on the Arabian
Peninsula. In 628, it was conquered by the Prophet Muhammad, who permitted
its Jews to continue working their land provided they gave half the harvest
to the Muslims in Al-Madina. During the time of the second caliph, Omar bin
Al-Khattab, the Jews were expelled from Khyber and their lands were
distributed among the Muslims.
(22) Al-Ahram (Egypt), December 24, 2002.
(23) Al-Ahram (Egypt), December 25, 2002.
(24) Al-Ahram (Egypt), December 25, 2002.
(25) For more on Jews as "the sons of apes and pigs" see MEMRI Special
Report No. 11,
http://www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=subjects&Area=antisemitism&ID=SR0
110.
(26) www.palestine-info/arabic/palestoday/readers/mashhoor/22_04_01.htm.
(27) www.albawaba.com, March 6, 2003.
(28) Al-Watan (Saudi Arabia), March 14, 2003,
http://www.alwatan.com.sa/daily/2003-03-14/first_page/first_page01.htm.
(29) The blood libel appeared in the article "Jewish Matza is Made from Arab
Blood." The article connected the 1840 Damascus blood libel with Israel's
actions. See MEMRI Special Dispatch No. 150,
http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=archives&Area=sd&ID=SP15000.
(30) Ligue Internationale Contre le Racisme et L'antisémitisme.
(31) For more on the affair of Nafi's subpoena and individuals and
organizations expressing support for him, see MEMRI Inquiry and Analysis No.
107,
http://www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=subjects&Area=antisemitism&ID=IA1
070.

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 09:55 FM
Mai 05, 2003
"With the Wall, the settlers will have all the olives"

www.gush-shalom.org

May 3, 2003
[report of today's action]

On Saturday May 3, at the approaches to the village of Mes'ha in the
Qualqilia District of the West Bank.
What had been two and a half years ago a bustling highway is now
completely blocked off by two piles of earth, at a distance of some fifty
metres from each other, making it impossible to get by car in or out of the
town - as is the situation at the entrance of virtually every Palestinian
community in the West Bank, from tiny hamlets to the big cities. The
official reason is that if the movement of all Palestinians is hampered, the
movement of suicide bombers will also be hampered. The unofficial reason
is the assumption that disrupting the Palestinians' daily life would bring
them to their knees.

Neither reasoning seems to be working out - and still the siege continues,
and the earthen barriers have already been there long enough to sprout a lot
of vegetation. In today's Yediot Aharonot, Condolizza Rice is quoted as
demanding that "Israel restore the Palestinians' freedom of movement";
Mes'ha inhabitants do not seem to wait with bated breath.
The blockage of the entrance is anyway old news, a terribly heavy burden
on daily life but with which they had to learn to live for more than two years
already and to which they find some small practical ameliorations.
Nowadays, Mes'ha is faced with a more immediate and existential threat -
the wall which Sharon is in the process of building, and which turns out to
cut very big slices out of the West Bank; Mes'ha will be separated from
98% of its agricultural lands. The Separation Barrier as it is officially called,
the Apartheid Wall which is the common name hereabouts, or just The
Wall - has become the most important fact of life for these thousands of
villagers. It is the Wall which has brought us here, three busloads of
activists from Tel-Aviv and Jerusalem, as over the past three weeks it has
brought an increasing number of Israelis, internationals and Palestinians
from other places to an ongoing protest encampment in the place where
this village's lands are being stolen.

The earthen barriers make it impossible for our buses to get anywhere near
the place. It would be a considerable walk. Making a virtue of necessity, it
had been decided to make this walk into a demonstrative procession.
Crossing the barriers (there was only a token force of five or six soldiers,
rather surprisingly no serious attempt to bar our way) we find a crowd of
villagers waiting already, with a sprinkling of the internationals who had been
here for quite some time already. Together forming a heterogenous mixture:
the emblems of half a dozen Israeli peace groups; the conspicuous two-flag
signs of Gush Shalom; the shirts of the Palestinian Agricultural Relief
Committees recognizable by the green tree in a circle - and worn also by
internationals and Israelis; the competing red flags of the Democratic Front
for the Liberation of Palestine and the Palestinian People's Party; Fatah
supporters bringing the Palestinian red-green-white-black and among them
youngsters in the shirts of European Anarchists. One woman had a rather
worn shirt with Down with the Occupation in Hebrew, English and arabic ("I
am wearing this in every demonstration since 1988 and will continue to do it
until the end of the occupation").

To the front, big signs are unfurled: "Israelis and Palestinians Together
against Occupation", Gush Shalom's "The apartheid Wall - Prison for
Palestinians, Ghetto for Israelis", the black triangular "Oppression of
Palestinians is Our Oppression" of Kvisa Schora.
Slogans are constantly exchanged and translated back and forth between
Hebrew and Arabic: Settlers Go Home / Two States for Two Peoples /
Liberty for the Palestinian People / a Different Future Without Wars / No
Killings of Civilians, Jewish or Arab.

As we walk through the town's main street there are smiling and
welcoming faces. Little boys dart into the crowd with bottles of cold water,
very needed under the blazing sun. a participating Israeli farmer takes out a
nylon bag full of fresh fruits and hands it to one of the boys, and soon the
fruit is also distributed by many little hands to the marchers.
Out of the last houses and into the fields and olive orchards. There is no
shadow here at all, and the chanting is slackening. Going up and down
several hills, and there it is: a white strip, some twenty meters in width,
cutting through he whole landscape north to south. Three months ago there
were there hundreds of olive trees which are now gone. Three months from
now, approaching it might be a life danger from guard towers. At this
moment, the Wall itself has not yet been erected in this sector and it is still
possible to cross the strip of devastation.

On the other side, the side which will become inaccessible once the Wall
goes up, is the protest encampment: four large tents, one used as kitchen
and the other giving shelter to some twenty activists who come forth to
greet us. Many of them are wearing a specific T-shirt with the picture of an
enormous bulldozer destroying olive trees. all around is an exhibition of
many such photographs, documenting in minute detail the ongoing ravage.
No less than three groups of international activists are present: the well-
known ISM; the women of IWPS; and also the Ecumenical
Accompaniers sponsored by the World Council of
Churches.

A young villager gives guidance to the top of a
hill. "You see on this side the root of the Wall. and
all the land which it will take away from us. and
there,on the other side, you see the settlements
Elkana and Etz Ephraim; they were also build on Mes'ha
land. Now in fact we already lost many of the olive
trees near the settlements. The army does not let us
go there, and the settlers harvest our olives. The
trees which are here in this hill, we did harvest this
year, but when the Wall will be there, the settlers
will have them all."

The rally starts, with a big rock serving as
improvised podium. After calling for a moment of
silence to commemorate Rachel Corrie, Uri Avnery of
Gush Shalom details what he calls The Big Con Game":
"The Israeli public is told that here is being built a
security fence to protect them against suicide
bombers. If it had been built along the Green Line,
the old border, that would have been somehow
plausible. When we can see that it is snaking around
deep inside the West Bank, curving here and there to
contain all the settlements, it is clear that this is
just one more device for stealing Palestinian land."
"The Sharon who builds this Wall has nothing to
offer the Palestinian people, except for killing and
murder and robbing of land," Suhil Salman of The
People's Party exclaims, and Razaq Abu Naser of the
Democratic Front adds: "Twenty-three percent of the
whole West Bank this Wall is going to consume, and
this twenty-three percent includes 80 percent of the
fertile land; 80 percent of the water sources." He was
followed by two internationals: Karen of IWPS
("thirteen years after the fall of the Berlin Wall;
nine years after the fall of South-African
Apartheid")and Allison of the Nablus ISM ("The Israeli
government and army threaten to expel us, but we will
persist in our mission of solidarity"). Prof. Tanya
Reinhart spoke of "the junta of the army generals and
the ex-general ministers, who treat us to the myth of
'liberating' the land, liberating it from its
inhabitants." Aharon Shabtai read his poem "My heart"
written during the big invasion a year ago: (...) the
roadside corpse that help couldn't reach / the empty
oxygen tanks at the clinic in Nablus.

"Our land is our honor. We want to live in peace with Israel. Suicide
bombings are not our way, but how can anybody expect us to live in peace
when our land is stolen, our trees are uprooted, the last piece of bread is
taken from the mouths of our children. Does the world accept this as
justice?" - cried Nabih Shalabi, representative of the directly affected
farmers, holding a sign in arabic and Hebrew: The Wall - over my dead
body; not on my land.


And last but not least: activist Efri Shirman read
out... the phone numbers of Victor Bar-Gil, Deputy
Director General of the Ministry of Defence, who is in
direct charge of the Wall: +972-(0)3-6965944 (home);
+972-(0)3-6976161 (office); +972-(0)50-917107
(mobile); +972-(0)3-6977818 (fax). (NB: use these
numbers before they will b changed!).

for photos
http://www.gush-shalom.org/thewall/gallery.html

NB: activists are very much needed to help maaintain a daay
aand night presence in the protest encampment.
Contact:
Yonatan, 066-327736
Naama, 052-235788


--
A map of the separation wall:

http://www.gush-shalom.org/thewall/hebrew.html
http://www.gush-shalom.org/thewall/index.html (English)

--
Did you know (y)our protest was succesful?
BBC was brought back to the Israeli screens.

--
Our site:
http://www.gush-shalom.org/ (òáøéú)
http://www.gush-shalom.org/english/index.html (English)

with
\\photo's - of action or otherwise informative
\\the weekly Gush Shalom ad - in Hebrew and English
\\the columns of Uri Avnery - in Hebrew, Arab and English
\\and an archive full of interesting documents

N.B.:
On the Gush Shalom website links for:
Articles and documents in German
Articles and documents in French
Articles and documents in Spanish

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 11:45 FM
Mai 02, 2003
Nach langem Zögern: Die "Road Map" ist da

www.telepolis.de

Peter Schäfer 02.05.2003
Neue Hoffnung im Nahostkonflikt

Nach monatelangen Verzögerungen wurde am Mittwochnachmittag der neue Plan für Frieden im Nahen Osten ausgehändigt. Vertreter des sogenannten Nahost-Quartetts aus USA, Europäischer Union, den Vereinten Nationen und Russlands übergaben das Dokument dem palästinensischen Ministerpräsidenten Mahmud Abbas (Abu Masen) in Ramallah und dem israelischen Premier Ariel Scharon. Das ist der Beginn eines neuen Versuchs zur Lösung des jahrzehntelangen Besatzungskonflikts.


Der Artikel

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 09:59 FM
Mai 01, 2003
http://www.silenceissedition.com


http://www.silenceissedition.com
The Greatest Sedition Is Silence:
Four Years in America

William Rivers Pitt
Introduction by Greg Palast


Einen schönen 1. Mai!
Astrid Haarland und Team
www.anoteron.de
www.parentspower.de

Posted by Astrid Haarland at 12:14 EM